Managing people is sometimes easier said than done – especially for people who are not natural leaders. SANDRA SWANEPOEL, MD at Sage HR & Payroll outlines a few principles to get the most out of your employees.
If your small business is to grow and prosper, you need to hire the right people and then manage them in a way that gets the best from them. Even if you are not a natural leader, managing people is a skill that you can learn and improve with practice and with the right advice.
Here are a few golden principles for people management in a small business.
1. Learn to delegate
The first and sometimes hardest people management lesson for a small business owner to learn is to delegate work to the team. It can be difficult to let go if you’re hiring employees for the first time after doing everything yourself. As tempting as it might be to hold onto as many responsibilities as you can and to micro-manage when you do delegate, it’s important to share the load.
Start out with repetitive tasks that drain your time and add little value to the business – for example, admin tasks. Monitor how employees are doing, be there to support them, and invest the necessary resources in training them. Most people are eager to learn, so if they’re properly motivated they can save you a lot of time.
2. Understand the basics of labour law
Entrepreneurs often lack patience with paperwork and compliance, but it’s essential to understand labour law if you want to run a harmonious and productive workplace. With our progressive labour laws, you can’t dismiss people without following the proper processes.
South African labour law sets out rigid procedures for disciplining an employee and you must follow them to the letter. Keep accurate records if you hold a disciplinary hearing so that you can defend yourself in case the employee wants to challenge your decision at the Commission for Conciliation, Mediation and Arbitration (CCMA).
Also, be sure to document the rules of your workplace, the requirements of the job, and your policies so that employees know what is expected of them. Speak to an expert if you aren’t familiar with the complexities of South Africa’s legal framework.
3. Treat people with professionalism and consistency rather than familiarity
Owners of small businesses often fall into the trap of treating staff members as friends or family. This can make matters more difficult for you if you need to correct a staff member’s errant behaviour or say no when they ask for a favour. Be friendly but professional; don’t allow the lines between friend and manager to become blurred.
4. Communicate clearly
A good manager is a good communicator, so be straightforward with your staff members. Make sure your employees know what their tasks are, how these need to be done, and what their deadlines are. Give them regular feedback – positive and corrective – to help them improve. And be honest with them about how the business is doing and your strategies for the future. A transparent management style helps to keep staff members motivated.
5. Be fair and consistent
Like most human beings, you probably have your biases and like some members of your team more than others. It is important, however, that you treat everyone according to the same consistent set of principles. Be alert to your own preferences and how they manifest when you interact with the team.
Nothing is worse for staff motivation than seeing the boss give one or two members of the team preferential treatment simply because he or she likes them more.
Smart home arrives in SA
The smart home is no longer a distant vision confined to advanced economies, writes ARTHUR GOLDSTUCK.
The smart home is a wonderful vision for controlling every aspect of one’s living environment via remote control, apps and sensors. But, because it is both complex and expensive, there has been little appetite for it in South Africa.
The two main routes for smart home installation are both fraught with peril – financial and technical.
The first is to call on a specialist installation company. Surprisingly, there are many in South Africa. Google “smart home” +”South Africa”, and thousands of results appear. The problem is that, because the industry is so new, few have built up solid track records and reputations. Costs vary wildly, few standards exist, and the cost of after-sales service will turn out to be more important than the upfront price.
The second route is to assemble the components of a smart home, and attempt self-installation. For the non-technical, this is often a non-starter. Not only does one need a fairly good knowledge of Wi-Fi configuration, but also a broad understanding of the Internet of Things (IoT) – the ability for devices to sense their environment, connect to each other, and share information.
The good news, though, is that it is getting easier and more cost effective all the time.
My first efforts in this direction started a few years ago with finding smart plugs on Amazon.com. These are power adaptors that turn regular sockets into “smart sockets” by adding Wi-Fi and an on-off switch, among other. A smart lightbulb was sourced from Gearbest in China. At the time, these were the cheapest and most basic elements for a starter smart home environment.
Via a smartphone app, the light could be switched on from the other side of the world. It sounds trivial and silly, but on such basic functions the future is slowly built.
Fast forward a year or two, and these components are available from hundreds of outlets, they have plummeted in cost, and the range of options is bewildering. That, of course, makes the quest even more bewildering. Who can be trusted for quality, fulfilment and after-sales support? Which products will be obsolete in the next year or two as technology advances even more rapidly?
These are some of the challenges that a leading South African technology distributor, Syntech, decided to address in adding smart home products to its portfolio. It selected LifeSmart, a global brand with proven expertise in both IoT and smart home products.
Equally significantly, LifeSmart combines IoT with artificial intelligence and machine learning, meaning that the devices “learn” the best ways of connecting, sharing and integrating new elements. Because they all fall under the same brand, they are designed to integrate with the LifeSmart app, which is available for Android and iOS phones, as well as Android TV.
Click here to read about how LifeSmart makes installing smart home devices easier.
Matrics must prepare for AI
By Vian Chinner, CEO and founder of Xineoh.
Many in the matric class of 2018 are currently weighing up their options for the future. With the country’s high unemployment rate casting a shadow on their opportunities, these future jobseekers have been encouraged to look into which skills are required by the market, tailoring their occupational training to align with demand and thereby improving their chances of finding a job, writes Vian Chinner – a South African innovator, data scientist and CEO of the machine learning company specialising in consumer behaviour prediction, Xineoh.
With rapid innovation and development in the field of artificial intelligence (AI), all careers – including high-demand professions like engineers, teachers and electricians – will look significantly different in the years to come.
Notably, the third wave of internet connectivity, whereby our physical world begins to merge with that of the internet, is upon us. This is evident in how widespread AI is being implemented across industries as well as in our homes with the use of automation solutions and bots like Siri, Google Assistant, Alexa and Microsoft’s Cortana. So much data is collected from the physical world every day and AI makes sense of it all.
Not only do new industries related to technology like AI open new career paths, such as those specialising in data science, but it will also modify those which already exist.
So, what should matriculants be considering when deciding what route to take?
For highly academic individuals, who are exceptionally strong in mathematics, data science is definitely the way to go. There is, and will continue to be, massive demand internationally as well as locally, with Element-AI noting that there are only between 0 and 100 data scientists in South Africa, with the true number being closer to 0.
In terms of getting a foot in the door to become a successful data scientist, practical experience, working with an AI-focused business, is essential. Students should consider getting an internship while they are studying or going straight into an internship, learning on the job and taking specialist online courses from institutions like Stanford University and MIT as they go.
This career path is, however, limited to the highly academic and mathematically gifted, but the technology is inevitably going to overlap with all other professions and so, those who are looking to begin their careers should take note of which skills will be in demand in future, versus which will be made redundant by AI.
In the next few years, technicians who are able to install and maintain new technology will be highly sought after. On the other hand, many entry level jobs will likely be taken care of by AI – from the slicing and dicing currently done by assistant chefs, to the laying of bricks by labourers in the building sector.
As a rule, students should be looking at the skills required for the job one step up from an entry level position and working towards developing these. Those training to be journalists, for instance, should work towards the skill level of an editor and a bookkeeping trainee, the role of financial consultant.
This also means that new workforce entrants should be prepared to walk into a more demanding role, with more responsibility, than perhaps previously anticipated and that the country’s education and training system should adapt to the shift in required skills.
The matric classes of 2018 have completed their schooling in the information age and we should be equipping them, and future generations, for the future market – AI is central to this.