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Robot surgery begins in SA

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Chantelle Gouws has became the first person in South Africa to undergo a partial nephrectomy using da Vinci robotic-assisted technology. The organ-preserving excision of a cancerous tumour from her kidney was done at Netcare’s Waterfall City Hospital in Midrand.

The 29-year-old from Springs also became the first woman to undergo a procedure using the da Vinci robotic surgical system in South Africa.

“I was nervous before I knew what was wrong with me. Now I’m not nervous at all. I have a really, really good doctor and was quite surprised when I found out my procedure would be a double first,” Gouws said, from her hospital bed shortly before her operation.

“It is amazing to know that medical technology has progressed so much. I’m now very calm and comfortable about the procedure because I know Dr Conradie will remove all of the tumour accurately,” added Gouws.

Her surgeon, urologist Dr Marius Conradie, said doing a partial nephrectomy was an extremely intricate and exacting procedure.

“There’s a number of blood vessels involved in the reconstruction of the urinary tract. Any mistake and the patient could bleed to death on the operating table,” he said.

Gouws’ tumour was diagnosed after an ovarian cyst burst about two months ago while she was at work. The cyst had gone undetected, as she had not been seeing her gynaecologist regularly. During an ultrasound examination by her gynaecologist the golf ball-sized mass in her right kidney was incidentally discovered.

Up until now urologists have been using the highly sophisticated technology, which was installed at Netcare Waterfall City and Netcare Christiaan Barnard Memorial Hospital to operate on men, mainly for the surgical removal of the prostate gland.

The system consists of a console where the surgeon sits, peering into a screen, using foot pedals and hand controls to remotely operate the surgical instruments attached to four robotic arms on a second console at the operating table.

Controlled by the surgeon at the console, the robotic arms do the cutting, clamping and cauterising with far greater flexibility and precision than is possible with human hands.

Unlike traditional surgery, da Vinci robotic-assisted procedures are minimally invasive. The instruments are inserted through small incisions.

“With this technology we can view the magnified organs, blood vessels and surrounding tissue in 3D, so that the surgery can be performed much more accurate,” said Dr Conradie.

During the surgery Dr Conradie used an ultrasound probe to determine the extent of the tumour, to make sure they remove all of it. It was an ‘angry red thing’, about 4cm long, on top of the kidney, which he successfully excised.

“It operation went extremely well,” Dr Conradie said afterwards.

Gouws is expected to be in high care for a day and will thereafter be transferred to a general ward for two days, after which she will be discharged from hospital. She will be back at work in about one week to ten days.

Gouws does not have children, only a “loving boyfriend”. She said Dr Conradie had told her having children should not be a problem, but that they should first do the procedure and then see what the outlook was.

Dr Conradie said the success rate of da Vinci procedures was much higher and recovery time much shorter compared to traditional surgery. The procedure itself was also faster.

 “I was devastated”

In another first, also on Thursday, urologist Dr Johan Venter who practises at Netcare Pretoria East Hospital performed his first nephrectomy, the complete removal of a kidney, on another patient also at Netcare Waterfall City Hospital. It was only the second nephrectomy done at a Netcare hospital with the da Vinci system.

“A complete success,” said Dr Venter after he removed 53-year-old Kevin Murphy’s right kidney, along with the fat and surrounding tissue in an operation lasting nearly three hours.

He used da Vinci technology to perform the procedure, but was unable to take the organ out through one of the small incisions made for the robotic arms, and had to make a larger incision for this purpose.

About two weeks ago Murphy noticed urine in his blood. After a visit to his doctor and some tests, the facilities manager was told he had a tumour in his kidney.

“I was devastated, I wasn’t in a happy space. I took it very hard at first,” Murphy said from his bed before the procedure on Thursday morning.

He said it was difficult coming to terms with having cancer and the realisation that he was going to lose part of his body.

“I am, however, very confident in Dr Venter’s ability and the advanced technology he’s using,” he said.

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Welcome to world of 2099

The world of 2099 will be unrecognisable from the world of today, but it can be predicted, says one visionary. ARTHUR GOLDSTUCK met him in Singapore.

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Futuristic structures tower over the landscape. Giant, alien-looking trees light up with dazzling colours amid the hundreds of plant species that grow up their trunks. Cosmetic stores sell their wares via public touch-screens, with products delivered instantly in drawers below the screens.

This is not a vision of the future. It is a sample of Singapore today. But it is also an inkling of the world we may all experience in the future.

Singapore was the venue, last week, of the World Cities Summit, where engineers, politicians, investors and visionaries rubbed shoulders as they talked about the strategies and policies that would enhance urban living in the future.

As part of the Summit, global payment technologies leader Mastercard hosted a small media briefing by one of Singapore’s leading thinkers about the future, Dr Damian Tan, managing director of Vickers Venture Partners. The company’s slogan “We invest in the extraordinary,” offers a small clue to Tan’s perspective.

“We look as far forward as 2099 because, as a venture capital firm, we invest in the long term,” he tells a group of journalists from Africa and the Middle East. “Companies explode in growth because there is value in the future. If there is no growth, they won’t explode.”

The big question that the Smart Cities Summit and Mastercard are trying to help answer is, what will cities look like in the year 2099? Tan can’t give an exact answer, but he offers a framework that helps one approach the question.

“If you want to look at 81 years into the future, and understand the change that will come, you need to double that amount and look into the past. That takes us to 1856. The difference between then and now is the difference you can expect between now and 2099.”

Click here or on the page link below to read on: Page 2: Soldiers and Health in 2099.

  •    Arthur Goldstuck is founder of World Wide Worx and editor-in-chief of Gadget.co.za. Follow him on Twitter on @art2gee and on YouTube

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Street art goes electric

Kaspersky Lab and British street artist D*Face have unveiled the first-ever “art helmet” design at the Formula E finale for electric cars in New York.

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The ‘Save The World’ helmets will be raced by DS Virgin Racing’s drivers, Sam Bird and Alex Lynn, as they traverse the New York street circuit during the final races of the Formula E season.

The announcement signals the first art helmet by a Formula E team, continuing the heritage of art in motorsport and the cybersecurity brand’s commitment to contemporary art, creativity and innovation. D*Face took inspiration from Kaspersky Lab’s tagline, “A Company To Save The World”, and hopes that his colourful work will inspire people to take positive action.

D*Face will announce his first-ever art car design with a custom-made livery for the DS Virgin Racing Team. Its design will be released at the “Art Goes Green” event after Saturday’s race. The helmets and art car are the latest installations in the “Save the World” collection, following a major permanent public mural that was installed in Brooklyn, New York, in May.

D*Face, whose real name is Dean Stockton, said: “It is exciting to work with Kaspersky Lab on this project and create art with a real message of hope for a better future. After all, this is our world and we need to look after it. It will take every one of us to make a real lasting, impactful change. I love the mentality of the DS Virgin Racing Team and that of Formula E by showcasing sport in a way that doesn’t harm the environment, but is still just as exhilarating and fun.

“It is time for us all to stand together and make a change… be that stopping data steals, climate change, plastic waste or using damaging fuels. I want everyone to make a pledge to do one thing that will help make a change.”

As a sponsor of DS Virgin Racing Team, Kaspersky Lab is responsible for protecting the team’s devices against cyber threats. The company sees the technical environment in the global sport of Formula E as the next frontier in furthering its research and development of new technologies to keep vehicles secure in the digital world.

Sylvain Filippi, Managing Director at DS Virgin Racing, said: “The whole team fully supports this great initiative and our thanks got to Kaspersky and D*Face for their collaboration. It’s an honour to have such an innovative artist bring his talents to bear in our team ahead of the season-finale; the car, drivers’ crash helmets and mural all look amazing.”

Aldo Fucelli Pessot del Bo, Head of Global Partnerships and Sponsorships at Kaspersky Lab added: “There is a need for innovation on a global scale, both in contemporary art and in the fast-growing sport of Formula E. Now, for the first time ever, Kaspersky Lab is proudly bringing together the two sectors in an effort to Save the World and unleash creativity, encourage freedom of expression and further innovation.”

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