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Robot surgery begins in SA

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Chantelle Gouws has became the first person in South Africa to undergo a partial nephrectomy using da Vinci robotic-assisted technology. The organ-preserving excision of a cancerous tumour from her kidney was done at Netcare’s Waterfall City Hospital in Midrand.

The 29-year-old from Springs also became the first woman to undergo a procedure using the da Vinci robotic surgical system in South Africa.

“I was nervous before I knew what was wrong with me. Now I’m not nervous at all. I have a really, really good doctor and was quite surprised when I found out my procedure would be a double first,” Gouws said, from her hospital bed shortly before her operation.

“It is amazing to know that medical technology has progressed so much. I’m now very calm and comfortable about the procedure because I know Dr Conradie will remove all of the tumour accurately,” added Gouws.

Her surgeon, urologist Dr Marius Conradie, said doing a partial nephrectomy was an extremely intricate and exacting procedure.

“There’s a number of blood vessels involved in the reconstruction of the urinary tract. Any mistake and the patient could bleed to death on the operating table,” he said.

Gouws’ tumour was diagnosed after an ovarian cyst burst about two months ago while she was at work. The cyst had gone undetected, as she had not been seeing her gynaecologist regularly. During an ultrasound examination by her gynaecologist the golf ball-sized mass in her right kidney was incidentally discovered.

Up until now urologists have been using the highly sophisticated technology, which was installed at Netcare Waterfall City and Netcare Christiaan Barnard Memorial Hospital to operate on men, mainly for the surgical removal of the prostate gland.

The system consists of a console where the surgeon sits, peering into a screen, using foot pedals and hand controls to remotely operate the surgical instruments attached to four robotic arms on a second console at the operating table.

Controlled by the surgeon at the console, the robotic arms do the cutting, clamping and cauterising with far greater flexibility and precision than is possible with human hands.

Unlike traditional surgery, da Vinci robotic-assisted procedures are minimally invasive. The instruments are inserted through small incisions.

“With this technology we can view the magnified organs, blood vessels and surrounding tissue in 3D, so that the surgery can be performed much more accurate,” said Dr Conradie.

During the surgery Dr Conradie used an ultrasound probe to determine the extent of the tumour, to make sure they remove all of it. It was an ‘angry red thing’, about 4cm long, on top of the kidney, which he successfully excised.

“It operation went extremely well,” Dr Conradie said afterwards.

Gouws is expected to be in high care for a day and will thereafter be transferred to a general ward for two days, after which she will be discharged from hospital. She will be back at work in about one week to ten days.

Gouws does not have children, only a “loving boyfriend”. She said Dr Conradie had told her having children should not be a problem, but that they should first do the procedure and then see what the outlook was.

Dr Conradie said the success rate of da Vinci procedures was much higher and recovery time much shorter compared to traditional surgery. The procedure itself was also faster.

 “I was devastated”

In another first, also on Thursday, urologist Dr Johan Venter who practises at Netcare Pretoria East Hospital performed his first nephrectomy, the complete removal of a kidney, on another patient also at Netcare Waterfall City Hospital. It was only the second nephrectomy done at a Netcare hospital with the da Vinci system.

“A complete success,” said Dr Venter after he removed 53-year-old Kevin Murphy’s right kidney, along with the fat and surrounding tissue in an operation lasting nearly three hours.

He used da Vinci technology to perform the procedure, but was unable to take the organ out through one of the small incisions made for the robotic arms, and had to make a larger incision for this purpose.

About two weeks ago Murphy noticed urine in his blood. After a visit to his doctor and some tests, the facilities manager was told he had a tumour in his kidney.

“I was devastated, I wasn’t in a happy space. I took it very hard at first,” Murphy said from his bed before the procedure on Thursday morning.

He said it was difficult coming to terms with having cancer and the realisation that he was going to lose part of his body.

“I am, however, very confident in Dr Venter’s ability and the advanced technology he’s using,” he said.

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How we use phones to avoid human contact

A recent study by Kaspersky Lab has found that 75% of people pick up their connected device to avoid conversing with another human being.

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Connected devices are becoming essential to keeping people in contact with each other, but for many they are also a much-needed comfort blanket in a variety of social situations when they do not want to interact with others. A recent survey from Kaspersky Lab has confirmed this trend in behaviour after three-quarters of people (75%) admitted they use a device to pretend to be busy when they don’t want to talk to someone else, showing the importance of keeping connected devices protected under all circumstances. 

Imagine you’ve arrived at a bar and you’re waiting for your date. The bar is busy, and people are chatting all around you. What do you do now? Strike up a conversation with someone you don’t know? Grab your phone from your pocket or handbag until your date arrives to keep yourself busy? Why talk to humans or even make eye-contact with someone else when you can stare at your connected device instead?

The truth is, our use of devices is making it much easier to avoid small talk or even be polite to those around us, and new Kaspersky Lab research has found that 72% of people use one when they do not know what to do in a social situation. They are also the ‘go-to’ distraction for people even when they aren’t trying to look busy or avoid someone’s eye. 46% of people admit to using a device just to kill time every day and 44% use it as a daily distraction.

In addition to just being a distraction, devices are also a lifeline to those who would rather not talk directly to another person in day-to-day situations, to complete essential tasks. In fact, nearly a third (31%) of people would prefer to carry out tasks such as ordering a taxi or finding directions to where they need to go via a website and an app, because they find it an easier experience than speaking with another person.

Whether they are helping us avoid direct contact or filling a void in our daily lives, our constant reliance on devices has become a cause for panic when they become unusable. A third (34%) of people worry that they will not be able to entertain themselves if they cannot access a connected device. 12% are even concerned that they won’t be able to pretend to be busy if their device is out of action.

Dmitry Aleshin, VP for Product Marketing, Kaspersky Lab said, “The reliance on connected devices is impacting us in more ways than we could have ever expected. There is no doubt that being connected gives us the freedom to make modern life easier, but devices are also vital to help people get through different and difficult social situations. No matter what your ‘connection crutch’ is, it is essential to make sure your device is online and available when you need it most.”

To ensure your device lifeline is always there and in top health – no matter what the reason or situation – Kaspersky Security Cloud keeps your connection safe and secure:

·         I want to use my device while waiting for a friend – is it secure to access the bar’s Wi-Fi?

With Kaspersky Security Cloud, devices are protected against network threats, even if the user needs to use insecure public Wi-Fi hotspots. This is done through transferring data via an encrypted channel to ensure personal data safety, so users’ devices are protected on any connection.

·         Oh no! I’m bored but my phone’s battery is getting low – what am I going to do?

Users can track their battery level thanks to a countdown of how many minutes are left until their device shuts down in the Kaspersky Security Cloud interface. There is also a wide-range of portable power supplies available to keep device batteries charged while on-the-go.

·         I’ve lost my phone! How will I keep myself entertained now?

Should the unthinkable happen and you lose or have your phone stolen, Kaspersky Security Cloud can track and protect your device from data breaches, for complete peace of mind. Remote lock and locate features ensure your device remains secure until you are reunited.

 

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Five key biometric facts

Due to their uniqueness, fingerprints are being used more and more to quickly identify and ensure the security of customers. CLAUDE LANGLEY, Regional Sales Manager, for Africa at HID Global Biometrics, outlines five facts about the technology.

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How many times in a day are you expected to identify yourself? From when you arrive at work you are required to sign in, visiting your bank, receiving healthcare services… The list is endless. When a system knows who you are, you are able to do any number common, everyday activities. Your identity is unique and precious. It is also easily stolen and the target of many hackers across the globe. Technology is constantly evolving alongside the criminal element, always looking for ways to protect data and identity. One such solution happens to be biometrics and it is rapidly gaining traction in our increasingly complex modern world.

Reliable, secure and fundamentally YOU, unique biometric traits such as fingerprints are being used by banks, enterprises and consumers to verify identity. Biometric solutions offer significant identity protection because they use unique biological details to ensure an account is only accessed by the account holder, a door only opened by the owner. Here are five things that are little known about this technology…

  • The uncut identity. Your fingerprint is unique to you. Nobody can use a copy of it to impersonate you. Good technology is capable of scanning down into the layers of the fingertip to differentiate unique elements of a person’s fingerprint, this data is then encrypted and used as a key to unlocking whichever physical or virtual door that the biometric system protects.
  • The living proof. No, there is nothing to the stories of fingerprints being used without their owner’s knowledge or permission. Biometric solutions can use specific variables to determine if the finger used to access the system is that of a present, living person.  A copy or a fake cannot be used to access a cutting-edge biometric solution.
  • Easy and convenient. Queues and documents and paperwork may well be a thing of the past should biometrics take a firmer grip of government and banking systems. The process of registering is easy, and access to identity documents and records is yours alone.
  • Security blanket. A thousand passwords and a hundred post-it notes stuck on walls and drawers.  An excel file with a list of sites and applications and their corresponding passwords, all a thing of the past.  Nobody needs to remember their password with biometrics, they only need to show up.
  • Anywhere is cool. Schools, airports, networks, offices, homes, toilets, banks, libraries, governments, border controls, immigration services, call centres, hospitals and even clubs and pubs – knowing “who” matters and biometrics can quickly and conveniently confirm your identity where needed.

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