Facebook has responded vigorously to challenges around fake news and its community standards.
As one of the world’s biggest communication platforms, Facebook acts as a virtual space for around a quarter of the world’s population, but until now the company has been loath to police its own world. It has been vigorous on non-violent issues like nudity, but slow to respond to widely-shared content like fake news and promotion of violence.
This came to a head in Myanmar, when messages, posts and comments attacking the Rohingya, a Muslim minority group, created an atmosphere in which violence flourished.
“We were too slow to get started in Myanmar,” admitted Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg in a statement last week.
This statement came in the wake of a report of the state of Facebook-incited violence in Myanmar released earlier this month. Facebook commissioned Business for Social Responsibility (BSR), an independent, non-profit organisation with expertise in human rights practices, to evaluate the level of Facebook’s involvement in the recent spread of violent attacks in Myanmar. The focus of the BSR’s report was on Facebook’s role in the persecution of the Rohingya, a Myanmari Muslim minority group.
A strong message throughout the report was that Facebook struggles to manage the spread of fake news, allowing an atmosphere that promotes violence. The misinformation ultimately affects the perceptions of what’s true and what’s false to Facebook users in Myanmar.
“Facebook has become a means for those seeking to spread hate and cause harm,” said BSR in its 60-page report. A long list of potential fixes has been given to Facebook for implementation. The organisation warned that, if the situation was not remedied before Myanmar’s parliamentary elections in 2020, it would be “likely to be a flashpoint for hate speech, harassment, misinformation, incitement to violence, and other actions designed to undermine the political process”.
Zuckerberg’s said that Facebook had taught him painful lessons about the way people connect: “One of the most painful lessons I’ve learned is that when you connect two billion people, you will see all the beauty and ugliness of humanity.”
According to a Facebook statement released with the BSR report, there were still challenges ahead for the platform’s remedy to the situation, because Myanmar hasn’t standardised Unicode in its digital representation of the Burmese language. Facebook claimed that this makes it difficult to detect posts which contain hate speech. As a fix, the company will be encouraging the country’s transition to Unicode, and will not allow new users to make use of non-Unicode typefaces.
Unicode is an international standard for representing languages and scripts where each letter, digit or symbol is represented by a unique number combination.
Facebook also said in a statement issued on Thursday that it realises that nuances exist in how the platform is used in different countries. In Myanmar, it is primarily used as an information source; users in Myanmar often refer to Facebook and the Internet interchangeably. This is due to Facebook’s Free Basics service, which allows users to make use of the platform without paying for data.
This highlights the power Facebook has over the South-East Asian country’s communications and level of information. For this reason, the company said, it would be launching the Facebook Journalism Project, which includes journalist safety training for Myanmar’s journalists.
While this news comes as a relief to many, many within Myanmar are less convinced. An activist who goes only by the name Zarni has called the report “a complete whitewash”. He said that Facebook was “resorting to PR” instead of taking stronger measures to stop the spread of fake news on its platform.
Read on: The effect on Facebook’s fake news situation
“Hello BMW” – Now we’re talking, with X5
BMW brings impressive safety features and a built-in voice assistant to its 4th generation X5, writes BRYAN TURNER.
Marking 20 years since its release, the BMW X5 has been given a substantial redesign for its fourth generation. A major revamp of aesthetics and functionality affirms this luxury Sports Activity Vehicle’s (SAV) position in the market.
New safety features not only make it safer but also more comfortable to drive. The redesigned headlights utilise laser lighting, which eliminates glare on reflective objects like signboards in dark driving conditions. The laser lighting technology also extends the distance of bright lighting to about 500 meters, 200 meters further than the previous generation.
The Driving Assist Professional package, an option for the SAV, comprises a steering and lane control assistant as well as a lane keeping assistant. These assistants work closely with a smart collision evasion system, which helps avoid collisions with vehicles or pedestrians suddenly appearing in the driver’s path. As soon as an evasive manoeuvre is detected, the system assists the driver with steering inputs to direct the vehicle into a clear, adjacent lane.
BMW Operating System 7.0, the latest version of the car’s software, focuses on customisability. This means that more aspects of the vehicle can be set up in a way that is most comfortable for the driver. For example, the 12.3” infotainment panel features a home screen which uses a three-tile layout, where one can have one large tile and two smaller tiles. These tiles can be swapped around and configured to the point where drivers no longer have to search through menus to get what they would need, as their favourites sit on a customised home screen.
The X5 gets a voice assistant with the BMW Assistant Professional. “Hello BMW” will wake the onboard voice assistant for voice commands. These voice commands could be anything from “Play rock music” to “Is my tyre pressure okay?”. Renaming the voice assistant’s wake prompt is also possible if the driver has named their car something other than BMW.
Keeping in line with the latest technology, the X5 features options for a wireless charging tray in the front and two additional USB Type-C ports. Other features include an adaptive navigation system, a hard-drive-based multimedia system with 20 GB of memory, Bluetooth and WiFi connectivity.
BMW’s attention to minor details goes a long way with massage seats and thermo-cupholders. Electrically adjustable and heated sports seats are fitted standard. Additional options include seat massage functionality and ventilated seats. The thermo-cupholder option allows a driver to keep a beverage heated or cooled during a drive.
Unlocking the X5 with a smartphone will soon be a reality with a planned update to the BMW Connected Drive app, in the second quarter of 2019. BMW Digital Key brings functionality to lock and unlock the car with a smartphone’s NFC chip, which eliminates the need for a traditional car key. The driver will simply hold the smartphone to the door’s handle and the car will unlock. Once the driver is inside, the smartphone can be placed on the built-in wireless charging tray, and the NFC chip will register again to verify the driver. From there, the engine can be started.
Overall, exciting technology features come with the new X5 and even more impressive features will come with software updates in 2019.
ERP needs asset management
A single, integrated EAM and ERP solution can power an asset-intensive business into the future, says MOHAMED CASSOOJEE, MD and Country Manager, IFS South Africa and Africa.
Most Enterprise Resource Planning software originated in the manufacturing sector as materials resource planning (MRP) solutions for organisations that needed to manage a lot of inventory. From there, they were rapidly developed into solutions for every industry imaginable.
But these roots mean that most standalone ERP software isn’t quite enough on its own to address the needs of organisations in asset-intensive industries such as metal foundries, mining, oil and gas, pulp and paper, energy and utilities, and construction and engineering.
Companies in these sectors are not managing inventory as much as they are managing the capacity of a fixed asset over its lifecycle as well as handling large-scale infrastructure projects with long planning cycles. This is where enterprise asset management (EAM) comes into play, offering capabilities that are not found in typical ERP systems.
EAM systems are built to help organisations manage assets such as plants, heavy machinery, pipelines and industrial-class vehicles. These solutions enable organisations to track the location and status of assets and asset objects in real time, schedule work orders to maintain and fix the assets, and manage the storage of spare parts required to service them.
As Africa’s governments, state-owned enterprises and private sector step up infrastructure investment, EAM has a vital role to play in ensuring that organisations drive the highest possible value from their new assets, whether these are telecoms networks, railway systems, ports or power plants.
According to the World Bank, Africa needs to spend around $93 billion a year over the next decade to address its infrastructure backlogs — about one-third of that cost is for maintenance. In 2008, World Bank found that about 30% of the infrastructure assets of a typical African country needed rehabilitation.
These numbers point to the urgent need for organisations across the continent to take a more proactive and preventative outlook towards maintenance of their key infrastructure and assets. Implementation of EAM can enable organisations to better track, manage and maintain assets to prolong their lifespan and enhance return on investment.
From asset planning to construction to operation to decommissioning and replacement, EAM allows organisations to maintain, manage and optimise assets over the entire asset lifecycle. By helping companies to increase asset productivity and availability – while reducing total cost of ownership – EAM can have a direct impact on profitability and financial sustainability.
Good EAM solutions can also be paired with corporate performance management and analytics tools to let organisations analyse operation disruptions and determine and address the causes, such as maintenance issues, inadequate training, or design faults.
Technological advances, along with the associated price drop for smart products being developed for the Internet of Things (IoT), now make it possible to monitor almost any asset in real-time from nearly any location across the globe. This further boosts the power and usefulness of an EAM solution. It is imperative that the EAM solutions that are implemented are built on robust, newer technologies that can easily support IOT, AI and smart bots.
EAM and ERP: a critical partnership
To sum up, ERP manages business operations, while the EAM system manages all the monitoring and operations of the asset. That means for most companies it isn’t an either-or choice because they need both EAM and ERP to drive optimal business performance.
Some organisations opt for so-called ‘best of breed’ EAM and ERP solutions from different providers. Yet integration can be a headache. The challenges include master data synchronisation and transaction integration. The company may also need to consider whether the ERP or EAM system is the better fit for a particular transaction or asset type.
However, for most organisations in asset-intensive industries, the ideal solution is an ERP system with extensive EAM capabilities: a system built from the ground up to manage not only basic business functions but also assets and their maintenance. Such a solution provides one complete solution spanning key processes and data.
This approach enables the organisation to truly manage and maximise value over asset lifecycles. It also empowers the enterprise to organise operations around the assets and individual asset objects it uses to create value for stakeholders, customers and the community.
For most asset-intensive companies, delivering EAM capabilities as part and parcel of an integrated ERP solution, simplifies their business systems landscape, giving them a single source of truth. The same arguments apply to project management and workforce management systems.
Organisations seeking to transform their business by standardising processes and leveraging reliable, real-time data will benefit from an ERP system with all of these capabilities, setting them up to adopt IoT, artificial intelligence, or whatever other new technologies are coming up next.