Every time an application is installed on a device, the user is asked to allow that app certain permissions. These range from being able to view your contacts, to using your camera and microphone, tracking your location, and many, many more. While some of these permissions are necessary in order for the application to function, others are not necessary in the slightest, and are only there to gather and exploit the user’s sensitive information.
Simon Campbell-Young, MD of Credence Security, says: “Irrespective of the platform, applications offer great insight into the user, and this data is of great interest to marketers and businesses, but also cyber criminals.”
However, on both Android and OS, users are required to give permission to any access, which is why he says carefully reading the list of permissions the apps request is crucial. “Ask yourself if there is a legitimate reason an application might need camera access, for example, or why it would need to track your location. If it isn’t necessary, be suspicious. In addition, some apps give the user the option of signing in through a social media platform such as Google, Twitter or Facebook. Here too, check the fine print to make sure you fully understand what information you are handing over.”
Certain apps are fairly cunning with their permissions, asking for those that although do not seem strictly necessary, could have a legitimate need. “If in doubt, ask the developers. Certain apps will also have an explanation of permissions requested in the developer notes, others don’t. A good way to suss out the app and see if there have been major issues or privacy violations is to check out the reviews written by users. If too many are bad, then err on the side of caution and don’t install the app.”
He says it’s also wise to review your application permissions on a regular basis. “This is done through the application settings, and is fairly straight forward. Clear out any unused applications too, but remember that removing an application from your device isn’t always enough. If you have opted to connect via a social media service, you need to recheck your permissions even after you have uninstalled the app in question.”
Then there’s the question of people finding ways to bypass certain application functionalities. “Take Snapchat for example. Snapchat is one of the most popular and highly rated apps available on both iOS and Android platforms, and has captured the information of today’s youth, with its combination of timed photos and videos, and the access it gives to famous and interesting people.”
Campbell-Young says one of the reasons it has become so popular is because messages sent between users self-destruct after a short time, making it the ideal platform to send salacious selfies. “However, there are ways around this – it is possible to take a screenshot of the message. When this happens the sender is notified, but not much else. Moreover, there are several apps available that have been designed to evade this alert, which is giving rise to a slew of security and privacy issues.”
So even the most diligent of users can still be in danger, he says. “Also, applications have bugs and issues from time to time. No one is accusing them of malice here, but technological issues can see information being exposed or handled in an insecure manner. We do see permission issues boil down to honest mistakes too.”
But not always. “There have been several cases where apps have been caught selling users’ location data, even after the user has specifically opted out of sharing their location with the app. There are many other cases of malicious apps slipping through the security cracks on legitimate play stores and marketplaces. Ultimately it is up to the user to be as vigilant as possible. Check and check those permissions again, and review them regularly.”
Car buyers to start abandoning fuel-power by 2025
Car buyers in the United States and Europe expect electric vehicles to become a viable alternative to fuel-powered cars in the next five years.
A new report outlining consumer expectations of battery electric vehicles (BEVs) and their viability as replacements for traditional fuel-powered cars or internal combustion engine (ICE) vehicles suggests a massive shift beginning in 2025.
The conclusion emerges from a report by human behaviour and analytics firm Escalent, entitled The Future of BEV: How to Capture the Hearts and Minds of Consumers. It reveals the intent of many consumers in the United States and Europe to abandon ICE vehicles altogether, citing the improved infrastructure and range of BEVs.
The Future of BEV gives auto and mobility manufacturers a strategic view of the benefits of their products in the eyes of consumers and highlights the areas of opportunity for automakers to push the innovation boundaries of BEVs to spur broad adoption of the technology.
“While most buyers don’t plan to choose BEVs over gasoline-powered cars within the next five years, consumers have told us there is a clear intention to take BEVs seriously in the five years that follow,” says Mark Carpenter, joint managing director of Escalent’s UK office. “However, manufacturers will need to tap into the emotional value of BEVs rather than just the rational and functional aspects to seize on that intent and inspire broader consumer adoption.”
The study demonstrates a significant shift in consumers’ expectations that BEVs will become viable alternatives to—and competitors with—ICE vehicles over the coming decade. Though 70% of Americans plan to buy a gasoline-powered car within the next year, just 37% expect to make that same purchase in five to ten years. Similarly, while 50% of European consumers favour buying vehicles powered by gasoline and diesel in the near-term, that figure drops to just 23% in five to ten years.
At the same time, consumers on both sides of the Atlantic see BEV adoption rising to 36% in Europe and 16% in the US, with respondents also indicating intent to purchase hybrids and hydrogen-powered cars.
Infrastructure clearly continues to be one of the biggest barriers to adoption. While some work is being done in Europe as well as in the US, the data show there is a significant need for some players to take ownership if manufacturers want to move the needle on BEV adoption.
US and European consumers have stark differences in opinion as to which entities they believe are primarily responsible for providing BEV charging stations. American consumers consider carmakers (45%) the primary party responsible, followed by fuel companies, local government/transport authorities, and the national government in fourth. On the other hand, European consumers view the national government (29%) as the primary party responsible for providing BEV infrastructure, followed by carmakers, local government/transport authorities and fuel companies.
For a full copy of the report, visit https://landing.escalent.co/download-the-future-of-bev.
New cell phone to help with dementia and memory loss
A new cell phone that takes simplicity to the extreme is designed to address the unique needs of people with dementia and other forms of memory loss. The RAZ Memory Cell Phone, developed by RAZ Mobility, a provider of mobile assistive technology, was launched this week. The handset is also well-suited for individuals with intellectual disabilities.
According to the Alzheimer’s Association, approximately 5.8 million Americans have Alzheimer’s dementia, with one in ten people over the age of 65 diagnosed with the disease. The number of people with dementia is expected to increase rapidly as the proportion of the population 65 and older increases. The American Psychiatric Association reports that approximately one percent of the population has an intellectual disability.
The RAZ Memory Cell Phone consists of one primary screen, and one screen only. It is always on and includes pictures and names of up to six contacts and a button to call 911. That’s it! There are no applications or settings to cause confusion. No notifications or operating system updates. No distractions. Users can simply tap and hold the picture of the person they wish to call.
Caregivers manage the RAZ Memory Cell Phone through a simple online portal. The portal is used to create and edit the contacts, track the location of the phone/user and select certain options, such as the option to restrict incoming calls to people in the user’s contacts, thereby avoiding unwanted calls such as predatory robocalls.
The RAZ Memory Cell Phone can now be ordered at https://www.razmobility.com/solutions/memory-cellphone/.