The current energy situation in South Africa has caused many companies to look at ways to manage their power usage. However, JACO BARNARD of Wipro. says that in order to properly manage consumption, vast amounts of data need to be collected.
Given the current South African power and energy situation, energy management has become a necessity rather than a choice, particularly in the retail environment. Reducing carbon footprint while adopting sustainable strategies to balance business objectives with environmental responsibilities has become critical. Aside from increasing international pressure to adopt greener technologies as part of sustainability initiatives, the cost of energy has become a significant challenge. While energy-saving initiatives around lighting, heating, ventilation and cooling can provide assistance, these are often capital-intensive projects that need to be implemented effectively to deliver maximum benefit. In the low margin, high volume retail environment, it has become essential to keep the spiralling cost of energy under control to maximise profitability by optimising operational expenses. This requires data, and more importantly insight into data that can drive actions that will help retailers optimise energy management to curb costs.
The importance of data
For many retailers, problems with power supply can be catastrophic. Without power, cold chain logistics can be compromised and hundreds of thousands of Rands worth of perishable stock can be spoiled. In addition, stores themselves cannot operate, losing business and customers. As a result, many retailers have resorted to backup power and alternative energy sources. However, these initiatives are often costly, particularly if energy consumption is not managed and optimised. In order to manage the cost of energy, both from traditional and alternative power sources, effective energy management is required. This in turn requires data, as without data around metering, measurements and monitoring it is all but impossible to gain the insight required to manage energy consumption. Collecting consumption data is the first step, as this data can then be analysed to deliver the required insights to drive energy saving and improvement initiatives.
By collecting large volumes of data around energy consumption, costs, asset operations and business policies, it is then possible to determine potential operational savings. For example, temperatures can be optimised according to locational and seasonal climate, unnecessary lights and cooling can be switched off when not required, and efficiency of working assets such as refrigerators can be assured. This data can also be collected over extended periods and analysed to determine long-term trends, energy leakages such as chronic equipment efficiency issues, insulation problems and more. Savings can then be achieved by correcting major issues and fine-tuning operations and controls. There are hundreds of ways that energy consumption can be improved across areas such as lighting, electrical, cooking, air conditioning and refrigeration systems. This means that there are many opportunities for savings, but there is no ‘one size fits all’ approach. Big data and analytics are the crucial components in effective energy management.
Making big data work for energy efficiency
The first step in improving energy efficiency requires the establishment of savings protocols. Pilot studies should be carried out and savings strategies that can be actioned with data should be determined. The range or significance of savings can then be used to determine the feasibility of rolling these solutions out, based on spend and expected returns. The second step is to set up data collection mechanisms. The volume and method of data collection depends on the current technology deployed and how granular the data is required to be – for example monthly invoices on energy consumption will typically not provide enough visibility, so it may be necessary to implement a monitoring solution that provides sample data every half an hour to provide more accurate insight. Data may be collected via Building Automation Systems, directly through controllers or through management applications. Many legacy and proprietary systems do not allow any access to data, in which case metering and sub-metering analysis must be incorporated.
Simply collecting data will not enable retailers to determine savings, so once data has been obtained, it must be analysed in order to provide insight. This is a specialist skill set that may be expensive to maintain in-house, so often it is advisable for retailers to collaborate with an expert service provider. Given the volume of data, it is also advisable that structured methods and toolsets be put into place across all sites for analytical purposes, another area where an expert provider can assist. The final step is action, as savings will not result from insight alone. Volume is also essential, and retailers need to action initiatives based on insight across all or most of their sites to produce meaningful savings.
Big data can be harnessed for more than just energy efficiency, and has potential to deliver significant additional advantage in the retail space. For example, the customer experience can be improved by collecting data from various channels and using it to improve in-store temperatures for comfort, or by utilising online channels and sensor data to tailor the shopping experience. Store layouts can be improved, footfall can be increased and more. In addition, analytics can be leveraged to improve asset maintenance to help bring down maintenance costs and improve asset life. The data from in-store devices, video and wearable technology has the potential to improve sales effectiveness and improve workforce productivity. All of these initiatives will use the same foundation of big data and analytics.
Ultimately big data analytics, whether in the form of energy management or other initiatives, can help retailers to improve their competitive edge. More efficient operations and reduced costs lead to enhanced profits, as do improved customer experiences. Data and analytics are the crucial elements to more successful, more efficient and more profitable retail environments.
* Jaco Barnard, Head of Retail at Wipro, South Africa.
Auto rivals team up for connected car demo
Rivals BMW, Ford and Groupe PSA, maker of Peugeot and Opel cars, have teamed up with the 5G Automotive Association (5GAA), Qualcomm Technologies and Savari for Europe’s first live demonstration of C-V2X direct communication technology operating across vehicles from multiple auto manufacturers.
The live demonstration also featured a live showcase of C-V2X direct communication technology operating between passenger cars, motorcycles, and roadside infrastructure. C-V2X is a global solution for vehicle-to-everything (V2X) communication in support of improved automotive safety, automated driving and traffic efficiency.
The demonstration exhibited the road safety and traffic efficiency benefits of using C-V2X for Vehicle-to-Vehicle (V2V) collision avoidance, as well as Vehicle-to-Infrastructure (V2I) connectivity to traffic signals and Traffic Management Centers (TMC). C-V2X was operated using real-time direct communications over ITS spectrum and demonstrated its ability to work without cellular network coverage, and underscores its commercial readiness for industry deployment as early as 2020. Superior performance and cost-effectiveness compared to other V2X technologies, along with forward-compatibility with 5G, make C-V2X direct communications a preferred solution for C-ITS applications.
Six demonstrations were shown including: Emergency Electronic Brake Light, Intersection Collision Warning, Across Traffic Turn Collision Risk Warning, Slow Vehicle Warning and Stationary Vehicle Warning, Signal Phase and Timing / Signal Violation Warning and Vulnerable Road User (pedestrian) Warning. The vehicles involved included two-wheel e-scooters provided by BMW Group, and automotive passenger vehicles provided by Ford, Groupe PSA, and BMW Group, all of which were equipped with C-V2X direct communication technology using the Qualcomm® 9150 C-V2X chipset solution. V2X software stack and application software, along with roadside infrastructure, were provided by industry leader, Savari.
C-V2X is globally supported by a broad automotive ecosystem, which includes the fast growing 5GAA organization. The 5GAA involves over 85 global members comprised of many leading automakers, Tier-1 suppliers, software developers, mobile operators, semiconductor companies, test equipment vendors, telecom suppliers, traffic signal suppliers and road operators.
Cellular modems will be key to the C-V2X deployment in vehicles to support telematics, eCall, connected infotainment and delivering useful driving/traffic/parking information. As C-V2X direct communication functionality is integrated into the cellular modem, C-V2X solutions are expected to be more cost-efficient and economical over competing technologies, and benefit from accelerated attach rates. C-V2X direct communication field validations are currently underway in Germany, France, Korea, China, Japan and the U.S.
C-V2X currently stands as the only V2X technology based on globally recognized 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) specifications, with ongoing evolution designed to offer forward compatibility with 5G. C-V2X also leverages and reuses the upper layer protocols defined by the automotive industry, including the European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI) organization. C-V2X includes two complementary transmission modes:
- Direct communication as shown in this demonstration for V2V and V2I use cases
- V2N network communication, which leverages mobile operators for connectivity and delivers cloud-based services, including automated crash notification (ACN, as mandated by eCall), hazard warnings, weather conditions, green light optimal speed advisory (GLOSA), parking spot location, and remote tele-operation to support automated driving, to name a few.
“This demonstration builds on the successful C-V2X showcase we organised with our members Audi, Ford and Qualcomm in Washington DC in April, said Christoph Voigt, Chairman of 5GAA.
“We are excited to witness the growing momentum behind this life-saving technology and to see our members working together to deploy C-V2X, and to make it hit the road as soon as possible.”
“The BMW Group introduced the first C-ITS use cases already in 2013 with the market introduction of the BMW i3. Today most of envisaged C-ITS use-cases are already institutionalized. With the implementation of C-V2X, the BMW Group accomplishes the last set of the puzzle with a practical path to C-ITS showing quick benefits,” said Christoph Grote, Senior Vice President Electronics, BMW Group.
“With its ability to safely and securely connect vehicles, along with its evolution into 5G, C-V2X is integral to Ford’s vision for future transportation in which all cars and infrastructure talk to each other,” said Thomas Lukaszewicz, Manager Automated Driving, Ford of Europe. “We are very encouraged by preliminary test results in Europe and elsewhere which support our belief that C-V2X direct communications has superior V2X communication capabilities.”
“We’re moving forward with seamless communication between cars and their environment for enhancing road safety, as well as our customers’ safety,” said Carla Gohin, Group PSA’s Vice President for Research and Advanced Engineering. “Following the first European C-V2X direct communications demonstration we hosted with Qualcomm Technologies last March, we’re pleased to work with leading automotive and technology companies today to highlight that C-V2X interoperability is a reality.”
“This demonstration of interoperability between multiple automakers is not only another milestone achieved towards C-V2X deployment, but also further validates the commercial viability and global compatibility of C-V2X direct communications for connected vehicles,” said Enrico Salvatori, senior vice president & president, Qualcomm Europe and MEA. “We look forward in continuing to work alongside leaders in the automotive industry, like the 5GAA, BMW Group, Ford, Groupe PSA and Savari, to help advance the automotive industry’s shift towards a safer, connected and more autonomous future.”
“As one of the V2X pioneers, our company is extremely pleased to continue to help enable the next step in the V2X revolution that we helped start back in 2008,” said Ravi Puvvala, CEO of Savari. “For the last year and a half, the Savari team has worked diligently alongside the dedicated C-V2X engineers in the 5GAA partnership. The resulting string of increasingly impressive demonstrations is continuing to convince the world that C-V2X will soon be deployed around the world.”
Win a Poster Heater with Gadget and Takealot.com
This winter Gadget and Takealot.com are giving away three Poster Heaters, which look like posters but become heaters when you plug them in.
Three Gadget readers will each win a unit, valued at R550 each. To enter, follow @GadgetZA and @Takealot on Twitter and tell us on the @GadgetZA account how many Watts the heater consumes.
What’s the big deal about these heaters? Many of us are struggling to keep the balance between soaring electricity costs and the need to keep warm this winter.
However, the recently launched Poster Heater by EasyHeat and distributed in South Africa by Takealot.com is not only one of the most cost effective electric heaters currently on the market, it is also easy to setup and use.
As the name indicates, it is a poster similar to one you would hang on a wall. But, plug it in and it turns into a 300 Watt heater. The Poster Heater isn’t designed to heat hallways or large rooms, but rather smaller ones like a bedroom or a baby’s nursery or a dressing room.
It uses radiant heating, which means that it heats up in a couple of minutes and the heat is directed at the objects or people around it, quickly taking the chill out of the air and providing a comfortable ambient temperature.
The other advantage of radiant heating is that it doesn’t dry out the air like infrared or gas heaters. Users also don’t have to worry about their children or pets getting too close to it because, even though it gets hot, it can be touched.
To enter the competition follow the steps below:
Competition entry details:
3. The competition closes on 31 July 2018.
4. Winners will be notified via Twitter on 1 August and Takealot.com will be in touch to organise delivery.
5. The competition is only open to South African residents.