Most successful companies of the modern era have one fundamental thing in common – a strong set of core infrastructure, reliable and versatile, from which new innovation can be borne, writes GAVIN HOLME of Wipro.
Think of the greatest creative minds throughout history, the artists who open our eyes to new visions of the world, the scientists making breakthrough discoveries, or the sports stars that evolve physics-defying techniques.
Whichever individuals are in your mind, if you look more deeply, we’ll see that their unique, creative approaches are always grounded in a set of fundamentals: the artist whose training is based in perspective, colour and light, the scientist who firstly learns the essentials of physics or chemistry, or the sports hero that ploughs hours into fitness and strength training regimes.
In the same way, most creative and successful companies of the modern era have one fundamental thing in common – a strong set of core infrastructure, reliable and versatile, from which every new innovation can be borne.
When it comes to enterprise technology, we often refer to two distinct domains: ‘run the organisation’ (where the focus is on efficiency, stability, and reducing technology costs), and ‘change the organisation’ (looking at new innovations and business transformation).
But the reality is more nuanced, as the two domains often interrelate and overlap. Technology that starts out in the ‘change’ space will mature and eventually become embedded in the ‘run’ space. And not all new technologies will immediately land in the ‘change’ portfolio – consider breakthrough innovations in areas like automation and robotics, creating efficiencies on the ‘run’ side, for instance.
While the bi-modal framework certainly has its merits, looking at your IT strategy from a purely bi-modal perspective is too one-dimensional. It is advisable to engage with a partner that takes a holistic approach to their clients’ digital transformation strategies – considering projects and programmes from various perspectives.
I believe that firms should adopt an ‘outside-in’ approach, with design as the starting point.
Design – in its broadest sense – seeks to deeply understand customer requirements, draw on strategy consulting and design thinking, and ultimately discover new business outcomes that can be achieved with the tools and capabilities that one has. From there, ideas move into conceptual prototypes in the ‘change’ space, before moving further inside, towards the ‘run’ space.
Finding the balance
The real challenge, though, lies in addressing one’s core infrastructure while simultaneously building and incubating these new digital innovations at the fringes. To truly embrace the digital era, organisations need to refresh, refactor or replace some of their existing assets held within the ‘run’ area.
Here, I advocate the concept of ‘business processes as a service’ – essentially applying a technology layer that transforms core infrastructure, and incorporates the benefits of cognitive analytics, artificial intelligence, connected devices, and automation. The goal is to simplify and automate as much as possible, aggressively drive costs out of the ‘run’ portfolio, and divert as many possible resources to new programmes in the ‘change’ area.
But too many firms are failing to balance their change and run portfolios – either investing so heavily in ‘keeping the lights on’ that their innovation efforts are stifled; or swinging to the other side of the pendulum, with popular new digital services, but failing to maintain the stable IT core that enables these innovations to be sustainable.
The biggest challenge of the digital era is keeping a dual-focus on maintaining the core, while accelerating the innovation efforts at the edge. With a skilled IT partner, and with the optimal technology solutions, organisations can create a stable foundation – like the artist, scientist or sports star – from which new shoots of creativity can grow.
* Gavin Holme, Country Manager, Africa, Wipro Limited
Samsung unleashes the beast
Most new smartphone releases of the past few years have been like cat-and-mouse games with consumers and each other. It has been as if morsels of cheese are thrown into the box to make it more interesting: a little extra camera here, a little more battery there, and incremental changes to size, speed (more) and weight (less). Each change moves the needle of innovation ever-so-slightly. Until we find ourselves, a few years later, with a handset that is revolutionary compared to six years ago, but an anti-climax relative to six months before.
And then came Samsung. Probably stung by the “incremental improvement” phrase that has become almost a cliché about new Galaxy devices, the Korean giant chose to unleash a beast last week.
The new Galaxy Note 9 is not only the biggest smartphone Samsung has ever released, but one of the biggest flagship handsets that can still be called a phone. With a 6.4” display, it suddenly competes with mini-tablets and gaming consoles, among other devices that had previously faced little contest from handsets.
It offers almost ever cutting edge introduced to the Galaxy S9 and S9+ smartphones earlier this year, including the market-leading f1.5 aperture lens, and an f2.4. telephoto lens, each weighing in at 12 Megapixels. The front lens is equally impressive, with an f1.7 aperture – first introduced on the Note 8 as the widest yet on a selfie camera.
So far, so S9. However, the Note range has always been set apart by its S Pen stylus, and each edition has added new features. Born as a mere pen that writes on screens, it evolved through the likes of pressure sensitivity, allowing for artistic expression, and cut-and-paste text with translation-on-the-fly.
(Click here or below to read more about the Samsung Galaxy S Pen stylus) Samsung Galaxy S9 Features)
SA ride permit system ‘broken’
Despite the amendments to the National Land Transport Act, ALON LITS, General Manager, Uber in Sub Saharan Africa, believes that many premature given that the necessary, well-functioning systems and processes are not yet in place to make these regulatory changes viable.
The spirit and intention of the amendments to the National Land Transport Act No 5 (NLTA), 2009 put forward by the Ministry of Transport are to be commended. It is especially pleasing that these amendments include ridesharing and e-hailing operators and drivers as legitimate participants in the country’s public transport system, which point to government’s willingness to embrace the changes and innovation taking place in the country’s transport industry.
However, there are aspects of the proposed amendments that are, at best, premature given that the necessary, well-functioning systems and processes are not yet in place to make these regulatory changes viable.
Of particular concern are the significant financial penalties that will need to be paid by ridesharing and e-hailing companies whose independent operators are found to be transporting passengers without a legal permit issued by the relevant local authority. These fines can be as high as R100 000 per driver operating without a permit. Apart from being an excessive penalty it is grossly unfair given that a large number of local authorities don’t yet have functioning permit issuing systems and processes in place.
The truth is that the operating permit issuance system in South Africa is effectively broken. The application and issuance processes for operating licenses are fundamentally flawed and subject to extensive delays, sometimes over a year in length. This situation is exacerbated by the fact that it is very difficult for applicants whose permit applications haven’t yet been approved to get reasons for the extensive delays on the issuing of those permits.
Uber has had extensive first-hand experience with the frustratingly slow process of applying for these permits, with drivers often having to wait months and, in some cases more than a year, for their permits.
Sadly, there appears to be no sense of urgency amongst local authorities to prioritise fixing the flawed permit issuing systems and processes or address the large, and growing, backlogs of permit applications. As such, in order for the proposed stringent permit enforcement rules to be effective and fair to all role players, the long-standing issues around permit issuance first need to be addressed. At the very least, before the proposed legislation amendments are implemented, the National Transport Ministry needs to address the following issues:
- Efficient processes and systems must be put in place in all local authorities to allow drivers to easily apply for the operating permits they require
- Service level agreements need to be put in place with local authorities whereby they are required to assess applications and issue permits within the prescribed 60-day period.
- Local authorities need to be given deadlines by which their current permit application backlogs must be addressed to allow for faster processing of new applications once the amendments are promulgated.
If the Transport Ministry implements the proposed legislation amendments before ensuring that these permit issuance challenges are addressed, many drivers will be faced with the difficult choice of either having to operate illegally whilst awaiting their approved permits and risking significant fines and/or arrest, or stopping operations until they receive their permits, thereby losing what is, for many of them, their only source of income.
As such, if the Ministry of Transport is not able to address these particular challenges, it is only reasonable to ask it to reconsider this amendment and delay its implementation until the necessary infrastructure is in place to ensure it does not impact negatively on the country’s transport industry. The legislators must have been aware of the challenges of passing such a significant law, as the Amendment Bill allows for the Minister to use his discretion to delay implementation of provisions for up to 5 years.
Fair trade and healthy competition are the cornerstones of any effective and growing economy. However, these clauses (Section 66 (7) and Section 66A) of the NLTA amendment, as well as the proposal that regulators be given authority to define the geographic locations or zones in which vehicles may operate, are contrary to the spirit of both. As a good corporate citizen, Uber is committed to supplementing and enhancing South Africa’s national transport system and contributing positively to the industry. If passed into law without the revisions suggested above, these new amendments will limit our business and many others from playing the supportive roles we all can, and should, in growing the SA transport and tourism industries as well as many other key economic sectors.
What’s more, if passed as they currently stand, the amendments will effectively limit South African consumers from having full access to the range of convenient transport options they deserve; which has the potential to harm the reputation and credibility of the entire transport industry.