Many businesses are in danger of falling behind by ignoring ecommerce. Digital Planet CEO NEIL WATSON urges business to add an online sales channel before it’s too late.
Think ecommerce in Africa is still lagging behind the rest of the retail world? Think again. The success of relatively new online retailers such as Zando and Konga is proving that the continent is more than ready for online shopping. Take JUMIA, the Nigerian online shopping platform that was started in 2012. Less than three years later, the business employs 1 000 people and has warehouses in eight other countries.
Once, having an ecommerce channel may have been optional for business, but with each passing year and new set of figures, it becomes clearer that this is no longer true. The recent DHL Shop the World report highlighted the high growth potential of emerging markets in ecommerce. McKinsey highlights that the African ecommerce market is accelerating after a slow start and could soon account for 10 per cent of all retail sales.
Is time running out for retailers who haven’t yet made the leap to online platforms? The evidence certainly seems to say so. Some online players in South Africa are growing faster than brick-and-mortar shops, which means they are cannibalising traditional retail. For retailers, online platforms are becoming increasingly compulsory not just as additional sales channels, but to ensure that ecommerce players don’t end up eating their lunch.
The most important part of ecommerce is investing at the right levels at the right time. This differs depending on the kind of product you’re offering and how comfortable consumers are purchasing your product online.
For IT sellers, for example, the market is mature enough that it may already be too late. There are too many online players fighting for a piece of the pie. Unless you have a big brand, an innovative concept or a lot of marketing spend, it will be hard to get above the crowd.
On the other hand, some markets such as fashion apparel are just beginning to mature. Players like Mr Price have invested tens of millions in building their online brand, ensuring that they are at the forefront and will be directing the market in South Africa.
Once you’ve determined that it’s time for you to build your ecommerce store, you then need to look at investing the right amount for the next three to five years. It can be tricky to invest at the right level. In large organisations, we often see an over-investment in technology when the market doesn’t warrant it. Investing too heavily too early means you may never see a return on investment.
The later you engage in online retail, the more developed the market will be, which has both advantages and disadvantages. A more mature market means that technology is more mature and there are skills available.
The downside is there will already be more competitors and it will be more expensive to establish yourself as a brand. You’ll also be learning while everyone else already understands the market so you could suffer reputational damage. Finally, the skills will be there, but will be much more expensive.
For most companies, it’s better to start too early than too late. This will give you scope to experiment so that when the market arrives, you’ve learned your lessons and can take advantage without huge marketing investment and reputational risk.
Once you’ve determined the right time to make the leap, the real work starts. From the planning stage to the fulfilment stage, there is a lot that goes into a successful ecommerce channel. Customer service, logistics, reverse logistics, warehousing, marketing and many other specialised areas need to be considered. Most businesses do not currently have skills to tackle it on their own and would be advised to seek outsourcing partners who do have those skills on hand.
One thing is certain when it comes to ecommerce – it’s not a question of whether to explore online platforms but when. South African customers may have been slow to start transacting online, but we’ve reached the tipping point for ecommerce.
Rain, Telkom Mobile, lead in affordable data
A new report by the telecoms regulator in South Africa reveal the true consumer champions in mobile data costs
The latest bi-annual tariff analysis report produced by the Independent Communications Authority of South Africa (ICASA) reveals that Telkom Mobile data costs for bundles are two-thirds lower than those of Vodacom and MTN. On the other hand, Rain is half the price again of Telkom.
The report focuses on the 163 tariff notifications lodged with ICASA during the period 1 July 2018 to 31 December 2018.
“It seeks to ensure that there is retail price transparency within the electronic communications sector, the purpose of which is to enable consumers to make an informed choice, in terms of tariff plan preferences and/or preferred service providers based on their different offerings,” said Icasa.
ICASA says it observed the competitiveness between licensees in terms of the number of promotions that were on offer in the market, with 31 promotions launched during the period.
The report shows that MTN and Vodacom charge the same prices for a 1GB and a 3GB data bundle at R149 and R299 respectively. On the other hand, Telkom Mobile charges (for similar-sized data bundles) R100 (1GB) and R201 (3GB). Cell C discontinued its 1GB bundle, which was replaced with a 1.5GB bundle offered at the same price as the replaced 1GB data bundle at R149.
Rain’s “One Plan Package” prepaid mobile data offering of R50 for a 1GB bundle remains the most affordable when compared to the offers from other MNOs (Mobile Network Operators) and MVNOs (Mobile Virtual Network Operators).
“This development should have a positive impact on customers’ pockets as they are paying less compared to similar data bundles and increases choice,” said Icasa.
The report also revealed that the cost of out-of-bundle data had halved at both MTN and Vodacom, from 99c per Megabyte a year ago to 49c per Megabyte in the first quarter of this year. This was still two thirds more expensive than Telkom Mobile, which has charged 29c per Megabyte throughout this period (see graph below).
Meanwhile, from having positioned itself as consumer champion in recent years, Cell C has fallen on hard times, image-wise: it is by far the most expensive mobile network for out-of-bundle data, at R1.10 per Megabyte. Its prices have not budged in the past year.
The report highlights the disparities between the haves and have-nots in the dramatically plummeting cost of data per Megabyte as one buys bigger and bigger bundles on a 30-day basis (see graph below).
For 20 Gigabyte bundles, all mobile operators are in effect charging 4c per Megabyte. Only at that level do costs come in at under Rain’s standard tariffs regardless of use.
Qualcomm wins 5G as Apple and Intel cave in
A flurry of announcements from three major tech players ushered in a new mobile chip landscape, wrItes ARTHUR GOLDSTUCK
Last week’s shock announcement by Intel that it was canning its 5G modem business leaves the American market wide open to Qualcomm, in the wake of the latter winning a bruising patent war with Apple.
Intel Corporation announced its intention to “exit the 5G smartphone modem business and complete an assessment of the opportunities for 4G and 5G modems in PCs, internet of things devices and other data-centric devices”.
Intel said it would also continue to invest in its 5G network infrastructure business, sharpening its focus on a market expected to be dominated by Huawei, Nokia and Ericsson.
Intel said it would continue to meet current customer commitments for its existing 4G smartphone modem product line, but did not expect to launch 5G modem products in the smartphone space, including those originally planned for launches in 2020. In other words, it would no longer be supplying chips for iPhones and iPads in competition with Qualcomm.
“We are very excited about the opportunity in 5G and the ‘cloudification’ of the network, but in the smartphone modem business it has become apparent that there is no clear path to profitability and positive returns,” said Intel CEO Bob Swan. “5G continues to be a strategic priority across Intel, and our team has developed a valuable portfolio of wireless products and intellectual property. We are assessing our options to realise the value we have created, including the opportunities in a wide variety of data-centric platforms and devices in a 5G world.”
The news came immediately after Qualcomm and Apple issued a joint announced of an agreement to dismiss all litigation between the two companies worldwide. The settlement includes a payment from Apple to Qualcomm, along with a six-year license agreement, and a multiyear chipset supply agreement.
Apple had previously accused Qualcomm of abusing its dominant position in modem chips for smartphones and charging excessive license fees. It ordered its contract manufacturers, first, to stop paying Qualcomm for the chips, and then to stop using the chips altogether, turning instead to Intel.
With Apple paying up and Intel pulling out, Qualcomm is suddenly in the pound seats. It shares hit their highest levels in five years after the announcements.
Qualcomm said in a statement: “As we lead the world to 5G, we envision this next big change in cellular technology spurring a new era of intelligent, connected devices and enabling new opportunities in connected cars, remote delivery of health care services, and the IoT — including smart cities, smart homes, and wearables. Qualcomm Incorporated includes our licensing business, QTL, and the vast majority of our patent portfolio.”
Meanwhile, Strategy Analytics released a report on the same day that showed Ericsson, Huawei and Nokia will lead the market in core 5G infrastructure, namely Radio Access Network (RAN) equipment, by 2023 as the 5G market takes off. Huawei is expected to have the edge as a result of the vast scale of the early 5G market in China and its long term steady investment in R&D. According to a report entitled “Comparison and 2023 5G Global Market Potential for leading 5G RAN Vendors – Ericsson, Huawei and Nokia”, two outliers, Samsung and ZTE, are expected to expand their global presence alongside emerging vendors as competition heats up.