Telkom’s Interim results for the past six months shows impressive growth for its mobile arm, 8ta, but at a price. And ADSL growth lags far behind broadband competitors.
Telkom’s mobile division 8ta has grown its active mobile subscriber base to 1,140,289 customers ‚ but it ran at a R1-billion loss in the six months to the end of September.
The clue to this loss lurks in the telecommunications operator’s interim results, announced this morning: its average revenue per user (ARPU) is a mere R63. This compares to R141 at Vodacom and R133 at MTN ‚ both of which have subscriber bases 20 times or more that of 8ta.
In the one area where Telkom has a massive competitive advantage, fixed lines, it has once again seen its subscriber base fall, maintaining a downward path that has spanned the entire past decade. At the end of September, it stood at 4,07-million, down 3.8% from the year before ‚ and down 55% from its high of 5.5-million in 2000.
Its monopoly in the provision of ADSL lines has also not given it an edge over mobile broadband providers. The number of ADSL subscribers has increased only13.7% to 795,419. Telkom itself admits this reflects poor performance.
‚We understand that we must make a significant step change in our strategy and approach to execution, not simply to defend our market share, but to grow our business and our revenues,‚ said Group Chief Executive Officer Nombulelo Moholi.
She explained that Telkom’s current DSL penetration ‚ excluding wholesale DSL ‚ stands at only 19.5% of the fixed-line base, ‚allowing an opportunity for Telkom to offset declines in voice revenues by growing broadband penetration‚ .
‚Telkom will focus its strategy on growing and defending profitable revenues in its Consumer business by increasing broadband penetration in South Africa. We are enabling our target offering through high speeds and capped and uncapped offerings which consistently provide greater value for the same price.‚
She also revealed that Telkom would simplify and streamline product offerings and communication, with a new product catalogue to be launched this month.
Moholi described the South African telecommunications market as one under intense pressure as growth in fixed and mobile voice revenues slows considerably. She noted that this reflected global trends with the ‚decline of fixed voice‚ being a common theme across all markets.
‚In response Telkom has to tread the fine balance of managing the decline in Fixed Line revenue while investing wisely to capture new revenue streams.‚
The interim results cover the six months ended 30 September 2011.
Headline earnings per share declined by 36% to 191.7 cents per share ‚largely as a result of the start-up losses relating to the group’s entry into the mobile market‚ .
Earnings before interest, tax, depreciation and amortisation (EBITDA) of R4.4 billion were recorded and ‚reconfirm the strong cash flow generating capability of the group‚ . Although 17% lower than the corresponding period because of the mobile initiative, ‚this enabled the company to invest a further R1.8 billion of capital expenditure without changing its low utilisation of debt financing‚ .
Operating revenue for the period under review declined by 3.2% to R16.4 billion. Services that recorded revenue growth in the last 6 months include Subscriptions and Connections (up 3.5%), Calling Plans (up 1.5%), Fixed to Mobile (up 1.2%) and mobile interconnection revenue (up 29.8%). Data revenue declined by 7.9% to R5.7 billion.
Operating expenses, excluding depreciation and impairments, have been curtailed and have increased by only 3.2% to R12.2 billion.
‚Growing the EBITDA margin in the fixed-line business from 37.5% to 39.1% given current market conditions is an achievement,‚ said Moholi.
Telkom has set out to review and align its overall strategy and implement a 5‚Äëyear plan that will enable the company to achieve its aspirations. The strategy is driven by a number of thrusts across four strategic areas, it says, including:
– Growing and defending profitable revenues in Consumer by increasing broadband penetration in South Africa, while playing a strong role as a content aggregator:
– Growing and defending profitable revenues for Business customers through entry into high growth adjacencies focusing on Convergence, Value Added Services and ICT offerings:
– Delivering on our mobile investment by executing on our aspirations to achieve 12% -15% market share of revenues by 2015/16 and providing a unique Telkom converged offering: and
– Transforming the network through the successful rollout of a next generation network that is commercially led.
The salient features of the Group’s results for the six months ended 30 September 2011 were:
‚Ä¢‚ÄÇOperating revenue down 3.2% to R16.4 billion.
‚Ä¢‚ÄÇVoice revenue decreased 5.5% to R6.6 billion.
‚Ä¢‚ÄÇData revenue decreased 7.9% to R5.1 billion.
‚Ä¢ ADSL subscribers increased 13.7% to 795,419.
‚Ä¢‚ÄÇCalling plan subscribers increased 4.7% to 797,827.
‚Ä¢‚ÄÇInternet all access subscribers increased 3.9% to 556,886.
‚Ä¢‚ÄÇManaged data network sites increased 12.6% to 37,181.
‚Ä¢‚ÄÇActive mobile subscribers of 1,140,289 with a blended ARPU of R63.32.
‚Ä¢‚ÄÇOperating expenses increased 8.2 % to R15.4 billion.
‚Ä¢‚ÄÇFixed-line operating expenses decreased 3.9% to R11.7 billion.
‚Ä¢‚ÄÇFree cash flow of R1.5 billion.
‚Ä¢‚ÄÇEBITDA margin decreased to 26.9% from 31.3%.
‚Ä¢‚ÄÇHeadline earnings per share from continuing operations decreased by 35.5% to 191.7 cents.
‚Ä¢‚ÄÇBasic earnings per share decreased 70.8% to 85.2 cents per share.
ADSL subscribers increased 13.7% to 795,419 when compared to the 30 September 2010 reporting period. However, Telkom’s share of net additions within the entire broadband market is declining as a result of the rapid growth in mobile broadband.
With Telkom’s DSL penetration (excluding wholesale DSL) standing at only 19.5% of the fixed-line base there is opportunity for Telkom to offset declines in voice revenues by growing broadband penetration, said Moholi.
‚We launched South Africa’s fourth consumer mobile player, 8¬∑ta, in 2010 and have recently launched Telkom Business Mobile to early excitement in the market. Cybernest has also seen some early successes, and there has been progress on the network transformation.
Commenting on the mobile arm of business, Moholi revealed that South Africa’s fourth mobile operator, 8.ta, which was launched in October 2011 has achieved several successes to date including: fairly wide distribution with 113 Telkom Direct Stores, 6 Flagships stores, approximately 70,000 airtime points of sale, approximately 68,000 SIM card points of sale, and approximately 400 post-paid points of sale.
‚We have completed construction of 1,399 base stations of which 1,052 are on the air. In addition, we recently launched a full suite of mobile products for Business that has been well received by the market,‚ she added.
8¬∑ta achieved revenue of R301 million and an EBITDA loss of R1,083 million for the six months ending 30 September 2011. Total revenue generating subscribers equalled 1,140,289 with pre-paid contributing 882,888 and post-paid 257,401. Pre-paid ARPU was R20.47 and post-paid ARPU R286.09. Blended ARPU was R63.32.
‚Being the fourth entrant in a mature market that has two dominant players is proving to be every bit as challenging as market commentators predicted. Our challenge will be to reduce the drain on the group EBITDA over the next few years but failure is not an option. Management’s number one priority is to differentiate our mobile offering to enterprise and consumer customers. This differentiation lies primarily in leveraging our strong position in the fixed line arena,‚ Said Moholi.
She explained that 8.ta had faced a number of challenges, ‚Our main concern is the slower than planned pre-paid revenue growth. This is the direct result of our inability to optimise conventional distribution channels. We are working jointly with our distribution partners to complete systems integration and are designing innovative commission structures to grow our footprint. ‚
8.ta will continue to offer the best value data product in the market, she said. The Go Big data promotion was well received by the public and subscriber up take has been good.
‚We intend to offer new propositions early in the 2012 calendar year to strengthen our data offering and cater for new customer segments. We will also further leverage convergence as a differentiator, seamlessly switching between fixed and mobile infrastructure.‚
Moholi referred to the SENS announcement release on 14 October 2011 regarding Telkom entering into discussions with KT Corporation (KT) to explore KT potentially acquiring a strategic equity shareholding of 20% in the post-issue ordinary share capital of Telkom.
‚Discussions are continuing regarding areas of mutual strategic and business cooperation. Management remains positive disposed to the transaction because KT has a proven track record in executing a strategy similar to that of Telkom. This partner will help us expedite and de-risk the execution of our strategy,‚ she said.
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