Regulatory policy can inhibit investment in Internet companies – and governments wanting to drive growth in the digital economy need to ensure policy doesn’t unintentionally stifle this. This is according to the 2016 Fifth Era Report – The Impact of Internet Regulations on Investment.
Commissioned by Google and conducted by Fifth Era, the report shows that governments in developing countries need to ensure that regulatory policies do not inhibit investment in the ICT sector.
Fifth Era surveyed 475 investors in 15 countries in order to assess the degree to which the future legal environment might impact their investments in Internet companies. The research company surveyed thirteen countries in Asia, Africa and the Middle East (Australia, India, Indonesia, Israel, Japan, Korea, Nigeria, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Thailand, Turkey, UAE and Vietnam) representing a spectrum of more to less developed Internet economies. The UK and US were also added to the survey respondents provide a perspective on overseas investors.
Speaking at the launch event in Johannesburg, Fifth Era researcher Matthew C. Le Merle said that the digital economy will be the most significant driver of growth of GDP, jobs and well-being in the next five years.
Most national governments understand this, he stated, noting that most governments have an innovation strategy in their national and industrial plans.
“The notion of an innovation-based strategy always collapses down to the fact that we need entrepreneurs and venture capital and both are scarce,” Le Merle comments. Entrepreneurs have a choice of whether or not to build a business, and where to build a business. If you make it difficult for entrepreneurs to do business in your country they will choose to go elsewhere, he says.
31 investors in South Africa were assessed for the Fifth Era report, all of whom said that the current legislative / policy environment in the sector has a negative impact on their investment activities.
Seventy-four percent of those surveyed said that they are not comfortable investing in business models where the regulatory framework is ambiguous.
Eighty-four percent said the risk of secondary liability and exposure to large damages was of concern.
Conversely, 87% said they would likely increase their investment if South Africa adopted anti-piracy laws similar to those in the US.
Eighty-one percent of those surveyed would not be comfortable investing in Internet companies if South Africa applied tax rules that make Internet companies liable for double taxation.
Eighty-seven percent of investors surveyed said they would not be comfortable investing in internet businesses if intermediaries could be held liable for third party content or actions (for example internet service providers or user-uploaded content hosters).
Fifty-eight percent of investors said they would be uncomfortable investing in internet or mobile businesses if regulators apply traditional telecom regulations and tariffs to mobile messenger and free online content services such as Whatsapp or Viber. Conversely, 77% would be interested in investing more in internet businesses if South Africa adopts policies that reduce regulation in the mobile apps ecosystem.
Ninety percent said they would be less inclined to invest if country user data is retained and disclosed to law enforcement on request, unless international baseline standards are followed. Allowing security agencies to install their own equipment on ISP networks would deter 77% of investors.
Investors would invest more in Internet businesses if the government adopted policies that indicate it is supportive of new business models (e.g the sharing economy) and protect freedom of expression online, if government invests in education and digital skills, in internet and mobile infrastructure, enables policy that reduces taxes and fees for internet and mobile end users, promotes open data use, liberalises mobile payments, enables access to backhaul and spectrum, and releases transparent regulatory roadmaps and holds public consultations on all new internet/mobile-related legislation and regulation.
Welcome to world of 2099
The world of 2099 will be unrecognisable from the world of today, but it can be predicted, says one visionary. ARTHUR GOLDSTUCK met him in Singapore.
Futuristic structures tower over the landscape. Giant, alien-looking trees light up with dazzling colours amid the hundreds of plant species that grow up their trunks. Cosmetic stores sell their wares via public touch-screens, with products delivered instantly in drawers below the screens.
This is not a vision of the future. It is a sample of Singapore today. But it is also an inkling of the world we may all experience in the future.
Singapore was the venue, last week, of the World Cities Summit, where engineers, politicians, investors and visionaries rubbed shoulders as they talked about the strategies and policies that would enhance urban living in the future.
As part of the Summit, global payment technologies leader Mastercard hosted a small media briefing by one of Singapore’s leading thinkers about the future, Dr Damian Tan, managing director of Vickers Venture Partners. The company’s slogan “We invest in the extraordinary,” offers a small clue to Tan’s perspective.
“We look as far forward as 2099 because, as a venture capital firm, we invest in the long term,” he tells a group of journalists from Africa and the Middle East. “Companies explode in growth because there is value in the future. If there is no growth, they won’t explode.”
The big question that the Smart Cities Summit and Mastercard are trying to help answer is, what will cities look like in the year 2099? Tan can’t give an exact answer, but he offers a framework that helps one approach the question.
“If you want to look at 81 years into the future, and understand the change that will come, you need to double that amount and look into the past. That takes us to 1856. The difference between then and now is the difference you can expect between now and 2099.”
Click here or on the page link below to read on: Page 2: Soldiers and Health in 2099.
- Arthur Goldstuck is founder of World Wide Worx and editor-in-chief of Gadget.co.za. Follow him on Twitter on @art2gee and on YouTube
Street art goes electric
Kaspersky Lab and British street artist D*Face have unveiled the first-ever “art helmet” design at the Formula E finale for electric cars in New York.
The ‘Save The World’ helmets will be raced by DS Virgin Racing’s drivers, Sam Bird and Alex Lynn, as they traverse the New York street circuit during the final races of the Formula E season.
The announcement signals the first art helmet by a Formula E team, continuing the heritage of art in motorsport and the cybersecurity brand’s commitment to contemporary art, creativity and innovation. D*Face took inspiration from Kaspersky Lab’s tagline, “A Company To Save The World”, and hopes that his colourful work will inspire people to take positive action.
D*Face will announce his first-ever art car design with a custom-made livery for the DS Virgin Racing Team. Its design will be released at the “Art Goes Green” event after Saturday’s race. The helmets and art car are the latest installations in the “Save the World” collection, following a major permanent public mural that was installed in Brooklyn, New York, in May.
D*Face, whose real name is Dean Stockton, said: “It is exciting to work with Kaspersky Lab on this project and create art with a real message of hope for a better future. After all, this is our world and we need to look after it. It will take every one of us to make a real lasting, impactful change. I love the mentality of the DS Virgin Racing Team and that of Formula E by showcasing sport in a way that doesn’t harm the environment, but is still just as exhilarating and fun.
“It is time for us all to stand together and make a change… be that stopping data steals, climate change, plastic waste or using damaging fuels. I want everyone to make a pledge to do one thing that will help make a change.”
As a sponsor of DS Virgin Racing Team, Kaspersky Lab is responsible for protecting the team’s devices against cyber threats. The company sees the technical environment in the global sport of Formula E as the next frontier in furthering its research and development of new technologies to keep vehicles secure in the digital world.
Sylvain Filippi, Managing Director at DS Virgin Racing, said: “The whole team fully supports this great initiative and our thanks got to Kaspersky and D*Face for their collaboration. It’s an honour to have such an innovative artist bring his talents to bear in our team ahead of the season-finale; the car, drivers’ crash helmets and mural all look amazing.”
Aldo Fucelli Pessot del Bo, Head of Global Partnerships and Sponsorships at Kaspersky Lab added: “There is a need for innovation on a global scale, both in contemporary art and in the fast-growing sport of Formula E. Now, for the first time ever, Kaspersky Lab is proudly bringing together the two sectors in an effort to Save the World and unleash creativity, encourage freedom of expression and further innovation.”