Regenesys Business School’s Chairman, DR MARKO SARAVANJA believes the answer to the question of learning and self-enrichment in Africa lies in free education.
With over 650 million mobile subscribers in Africa, research indicates that Africans have more access to handsets than they do to bank accounts. Furthermore, it is estimated that over the past decade the total mobile user base on the continent has increased fortyfold from 16.5 million. The proliferation of smartphones has made access to information easier and more affordable.
We have partnered with telecommunications provider MTN, First Bank of Nigeria and Pearson Nigeria to offer open access to tertiary education via our ‚’Freemium’ model a model which exists in South Africa and India. The model essentially provides anyone full access to Regenesys’ intellectual property at no cost. Should the student decide to obtain an accredited qualification, options exist within the model for students to submit assignments, write examinations or attend classes, which is a paid for service.
The programme not only encourages education in vital technical and financial skills (serving the recruitment needs of the partners), but has also ensured that the learning material available is sensitive to Nigeria’s cultural nuances thereby making the comprehension process all the more fluid.
An effort of this nature has the capacity to make a significant mark on the local education landscape in a country with 110 million active subscribers.
Although there are marked differences between Nigeria and South Africa’s knowledge landscape, the effective deployment of teachers in rural areas and equipping students with study materials are common challenges. Access to free education online could quickly and effectively resolve these issues.
Using online facilities such as free learning material, tutoring videos, study guides, eBooks, webinars, academic articles and e-learning technical support, Regenesys, MTN and First Bank of Nigeria are enabling open access to tertiary education in remote and impoverished areas.
Furthermore, the programmes have the capacity to give students access to the best lecturers, teachers and study material in environments lacking basic facilities or trained staff.
It is in this environment where great opportunities exist for government, learning institutions and corporates alike to begin offering education and study course material to users at no cost via e-learning platforms.
With access to free education, impoverished individuals are afforded an equal opportunity to better themselves. Although institutions of learning may continue to charge a fee to award recognised qualifications, it would be in the best interests of the very establishments that continue to champion costly education to simply share knowledge free of charge, which will assist with skills transfer and human development.
Despite the obvious benefits, there are still several obstacles hindering the progress of free online education and one such stumbling block is the emergence of Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs). MOOCs have left a sour taste in the mouths of many who have tried to gain personal enrichment from free education. These offerings, primarily facilitated by recognised tertiary institutions, allow users access to only a portion of the course material in the hopes that they will formally register and pay significant tutelage fees.
To achieve access for all, we recently took the decision to offer all coursework at no cost. A close partnership with Pearson Books has enabled Regenesys Business School to equip all students with the necessary learning material to truly gain personal enrichment and understanding. Although a charge is set for the awarding of formal qualifications, anyone may access the full breadth of the programmes.
In doing so, Regenesys has pioneered free online education globally. As the e-learning environment continues to evolve, we truly believe that those who choose not to embrace a new approach will be left behind.
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Prepare for deepfake impact
Is the world as we know it ready for the real impact of deepfake? CAREY VAN VLAANDEREN, CEO at ESET SA, digs deeper
Deepfake technology is rapidly becoming easier and quicker to create and it’s opening a door into a new form of cybercrime. Although it’s still mostly seen as relatively harmful or even humorous, this craze could take a more sinister turn in the future and be at the heart of political scandals, cybercrime, or even unimaginable concepts involving fake videos. And it won’t be just public figures that bear the brunt.
A deepfake is the technique of human-image synthesis based on artificial intelligence to create fake content either from scratch or using existing video designed to replicate the look and sound of a real human. Such videos can look incredibly real and currently many of these videos involve celebrities or public figures saying something outrageous or untrue.
New research shows a huge increase in the creation of deepfake videos, with the number online almost doubling in the last nine months alone. Deepfakes are increasing in quality at a swift rate, too. This video showing Bill Hader morphing effortlessly between Tom Cruise and Seth Rogan is just one example of how authentic these videos are looking, as well as sounding. If you search YouTube for the term ‘deepfake’ it will make you realise we are viewing the tip of the iceberg as to what is to come.
In fact, we have already seen deepfake technology used for fraud, where a deepfaked voice was reportedly used to scam a CEO out of a large sum of cash. It is believed the CEO of an unnamed UK firm thought he was on the phone to his boss and followed the orders to immediately transfer €220,000 (roughly US$244,000) to a Hungarian supplier’s bank account. If it was this easy to influence someone by just asking them to do it over the phone, then surely we will need better security in place to mitigate this threat.
Fooling the naked eye
We have also seen apps making DeepNudes where apps were able to turn any clothed person into a topless photo in seconds. Although, luckily, this particular app has now been taken offline, what if this comes back in another form with a vengeance and is able to create convincingly authentic-looking video?
There is also evidence that the production of these videos is becoming a lucrative business especially in the pornography industry. The BBC says “96% of these videos are of female celebrities having their likenesses swapped into sexually explicit videos – without their knowledge or consent”.
A recent Californian bill has taken a leap of faith and made it illegal to create a pornographic deepfake of someone without their consent with a penalty of up to $150,000. But chances are that no legislation will be enough to deter some people from fabricating the videos.
To be sure, an article from The Economist discusses that in order to make a convincing enough deepfake you would need a serious amount of video footage and/or voice recordings in order to make even a short deepfake clip.
Having said that, In the not-too-distant future, it may be entirely possible to take just a few short Instagram stories to create a deepfake that is believed by the majority of their followers online or by anyone else who knows them. We may see some unimaginable videos appearing of people closer to home – the boss, our colleagues, our peers, our family. Additionally, deepfakes may also be used for bullying in schools, the office or even further afield.
Furthermore, cybercriminals will definitely use such technology to spearphish victims. Deepfakes keep getting cheaper to create and become near-impossible to detect with the human eye alone. As a result, alt that fakery could very easily muddy the water between fact and fiction, which in turn could force us to not trust anything – even when presented with what our senses are telling us to believe.
Heading off the very real threat
So, what can be done to prepare us for this threat? First, we need to better educate people that deepfakes exist, how they work and the potential damage they can cause. We will all need to learn to treat even the most realistic videos we see that they could be a total fabrication.
Secondly, technology desperately needs to develop better detection of deepfakes. There is already research going into it, but it’s nowhere near where it should be yet. Although machine learning is at the heart of creating them in the first place, there needs to be something in place that acts as the antidote being able to detect them without relying on human eyes alone.
Finally, social media platforms need to realize there is a huge potential threat with the impact of deepfakes because when you mix a shocking video with social media, the outcome tends to spread very rapidly and potentially could have a detrimental impact on society.
A career in data science – or your money back
The Explore Data Science Academy is offering high demand skills courses – and guarantees employment for trainees
The Explore Data Science Academy (EDSA) has announced several new courses in 2020 that it says will radically change the shape of data science education in South Africa.
Comprising Data Science, Data Engineering, Data Analytics and Machine Learning, each six-month course provides vital digital skills that are in high demand in the market place. The full time, fully immersive courses each cost R60 000 including VAT.
The courses are differentiated from any other available by the fact that EDSA has introduced a money back promise if it cannot place the candidate in a job within six months of graduation and at a minimum annual starting salary of R240 000.
“For South Africans with drive and aptitude, this is the perfect opportunity to launch a career in what has been called the sexiest career of the 21stcentury,” says Explore founder Shaun Dippnall.
Dippnall and his team are betting on the explosive demand for data science skills locally and globally.
“There is a massive supply-demand gap in the area of data science and our universities and colleges are struggling to keep up with the rapid growth and changing nature of specific digital skills being demanded by companies.
“We are offering specifically a work ready opportunity in a highly skills deficient sector, and one which guarantees employment thereafter.”
The latter is particularly pertinent to young South Africans – a segment which currently faces a 30 percent unemployment rate.
“If you have skills in either Data Science, Data Engineering, Data Analytics or Machine Learning, you will find work locally, even globally. We’re confident of that,” says Dippnall.
EDSA is part of the larger Explore organisation and has for the past two years offered young people an opportunity to be trained as data scientists and embark on careers in a fast-growing sector of the economy.
In its first year of operation, EDSA trained 100 learners as data scientists in a fully sponsored, full-time 12-month course. In year two, this number increased to 400.
“Because we are connected with hundreds of employers and have an excellent understanding of the skills they need, our current placement rate is over 90 percent of the students we’ve taught,” Dippnall says. “These learners can earn an average of R360 000 annually, hence our offer of your money back if there is no employment at a minimum annual salary of R240k within six months.
“With one of the highest youth unemployment rates in the world – recently announced as a national emergency by the President – it is important that institutions teach skills that are in demand and where learners can earn a healthy living afterwards.”
There are qualifying criteria, however. Candidates need to live in close proximity (within one hour commuting distance), or be prepared to live, in either Johannesburg or Cape Town, and need to be between the ages of 18 and 55.
“Our application process is very tough. We’ll test for aptitude and attitude using the qualifying framework we’ve built over the years. If you’re smart enough, you’ll be accepted,” says Dippnall.
To find out more, visit http://www.explore-datascience.net.