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How cloud speeds innovation

WILLIAM GIARD, CTO, IT Transformation, Data Center Group, Intel, explains how hybrid clouds provide a platform for application innovation.

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Cloud computing is one of those innovations that opened a door through which has flooded even more innovation. Originally, infrastructure-as-a-service (IaaS) offerings built on server and storage virtualization enabled rapid deployment of virtual servers. As IaaS has matured, though, it’s become clear that infrastructure virtualization—via public or private clouds—is simply step one in a longer journey that brings even greater benefits.

For a couple of months, I’ve been blogging about hybrid clouds—enterprise computing environments that seamlessly link a private cloud running in your own data centers to one or more public clouds. Today, I’d like to explain how hybrid clouds provide a platform for application innovation that promises to bring a new generation of apps that can deploy quickly, scale without bounds, and achieve resiliency that would take enterprises months and millions of dollars to create using traditional IT infrastructure approaches.

While IaaS provides self-service for IT infrastructure teams who can instantly respond to requests for new servers, progress immediately slows to a crawl as app teams provision the new server with the software infrastructure required by the applications—data base, Web server, application server, etc.—and then deploy the app itself. And because it is a different deployment platform, putting the app into production requires modifications to test and deployment processes and continuous integration and DevOps programs.

The corner that has been turned is that hybrid cloud-based infrastructure is bringing the benefits of cloud computing to application development teams by allowing them to develop apps without needing to provide for—or even know—the eventual deployment platform. Once developed, applications can be deployed into public clouds or into on-premises private clouds that share the same architecture, governance policies, development and deployment tools, and management and automation frameworks. And they can be redeployed as economics or business needs change.

That was the experience of Intel’s own IT organization when they implemented a private cloud within our data centers. They began by offering internal IaaS services and quickly fattened the platform by adding platform-as-a-service (PaaS) and database-as-a-service (DBaaS) to create a more standard app environment. They soon found, however, that they needed to completely change the way they thought about their computing environment. Rather than build the environment from the infrastructure up, they adopted an application–down approach that completely abstracted the infrastructure to enable an application stack that could deploy anywhere. The objective is every app running in the right place, where the right place is driven by the needs of the business.

Intel IT achieved infrastructure independence for its development teams using open source PaaS software designed to work across the entire app development lifecycle. It lets developers focus where they provide the most value—application functionality—rather than having to deal with the underlying infrastructure. To date, Intel IT has hosted more than 350 applications and 3,500 app instances on the new platform. By empowering developers, they improved time to market, reduced costs by 60 percent compared to IaaS services, and are operating at half the cost of public cloud services. They’re currently in the process of rationalizing a portfolio of 2,000 applications to determine which should remain in place, be re-hosted or redeveloped, replaced with SaaS solutions, or retired.

Application platforms built on cloud-native technology can bring benefits a traditional IT approach might take years to develop: Unlimited scalability, fault resilience, and dramatically reduced time to market. They let you achieve better architectural compliance for better governance and security and lower total cost of ownership.

The next wave of applications will be built on emerging cloud-native technology, but even now, solutions are available to let any enterprise take advantage of cloud-native application technology—often without even needing to redevelop the application. Solutions like Cloud Foundry, Stratoscale, VMware Cloud Foundation, and Red Hat OpenShift use container technology to allow apps to span your private cloud and an array of public clouds. And Microsoft Azure Stack* extends its cloud right onto your premises using the same cloud application platform used in its public offering.

What is clear is that the rate of innovation in the cloud is quickening, and it continues to evolve and transform. It’s becoming a platform for analytics, artificial intelligence, high-performance computing, and network transformation.

The majority of today’s modern cloud data centers—public and private—are powered by Intel Xeon processors, and our latest offering, the Intel Xeon Scalable Processor family, builds on that legacy and delivers new features for the cloud—helping you deliver secure and agile digital services. It enables a common processor architecture spanning low-power, 8-core systems for edge computing up to an 8-socket system comprising 224 cores and supporting 12 TB of memory—all optimized for compute, storage, or networking workloads. It’s one of the ways we’re working to help you on your journey to the transformed computing environment that will enable you to bring your own innovations to the market faster and cheaper.

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News fatigue shifts Google searches in SA

Google search trends in South Africa reveal a startling insight into news appetite, writes BRYAN TURNER.

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The big searches of the year no longer track the biggest news stories of the year, suggesting a strong dose of news fatigue among South Africans.

“People ask, why are the Guptas not on the list of Google’s top searches?, says Mich Atagana, head of communications and public affairs at Google South Africa, “The Guptas are not on the list because South Africans are not actually that interested. South Africans are looking for things they don’t know. From a Gupta point of view, we’ve been exhausted by the news and we know exactly what is going on.”

Google South Africa announced the results of its 2018 Year in Search, offering a unique perspective on the year’s major moments.

“Four years ago, there were almost no South Africans on the personalities list,” says Atagana. “Over the years, South Africans have gotten more interested in South Africa, in searching on Google.”

That isn’t to say that international searches – like Meghan Markle – are not heavily searched by South Africans. But  they feature lower down on the lists.

From the World Cup to listeriosis, Zuma and Global Citizen, South Africans use search to find the things they really need to know.

These are the main trends revealed  by Google this week:

Top trending South African searches

  1. World Cup fixtures
  2. Load shedding
  3. Global Citizen
  4. Zuma
  5. Winnie Mandela
  6. HHP
  7. Listeriosis
  8. Black Panther
  9. Meghan Markle
  10. Mac Miller

Trending personalities

  1.    Jacob Zuma
  2. Cyril Ramaphosa
  3. Sbahle Mpisane
  4. Kevin Anderson
  5. Malusi Gigaba
  6. Ashwin Willemse
  7. Patrice Motsepe
  8. Cheryl Zondi
  9. Shamila Batohi
  10. Mlindo the Vocalist

Top Questions

  1. How did Avicii die?
  2. How old is Pharrell Williams?
  3. What is listeriosis?
  4. What is black data?
  5. How old is Prince Harry?
  6. How much are Global Citizen tickets?
  7. How to get pregnant?
  8. What time is the royal wedding?
  9. What happened to HHP?
  10. How old is Meghan Markle?

Top ‘near me’ searches

  1. Jobs near me
  2. Nandos near me
  3. Dischem near me
  4. McDonalds near me
  5. Guest house near me
  6. Postnet near me
  7. Steers near me
  8. Spar near me
  9. Debonairs near me
  10. Spur near me

Top women

  1. Winnie Mandela
  2. Meghan Markle
  3. Sbahle Mpisane
  4. Aretha Franklin
  5. Khloe Kardashian
  6. Sophie Ndaba
  7. Cheryl Zondi
  8. Demi Lovato
  9. Lerato Sengadi
  10. Siam Lee

The Year In Search 2018 minisite can be found here.

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Smartphones dip in 2018

According to the International Data Corporation (IDC) Worldwide Quarterly Mobile Phone Tracker, worldwide smartphone shipments are expected to decline by 3% in 2018 before returning to low single-digit growth in 2019 and through 2022.

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While the on-going U.S.-China trade war has the industry on edge, IDC still believes that continued developments from emerging markets, mixed with potential around 5G and new product form factors, will bring the smartphone market back to positive growth.

Smartphone shipments are expected to drop to 1.42 billion units in 2018, down from 1.47 billion in 2017. However, IDC expects year-over-year shipment growth of 2.6% in 2019. Over the long-term, smartphone shipments are forecast to reach 1.57 billion units in 2022. From a geographic perspective, the China market, which represented 30% of total smartphone shipments in 2017, is finally showing signs of recovery. While the world’s largest market is still forecast to be down 8.8% in 2018 (worse than the 2017 downturn), IDC anticipates a flat 2019, then back to positive territory through 2022. The U.S. is also forecast to return to positive growth in 2019 (up 2.1% year over year) after experiencing a decline in 2018.

The slow revival of China was one of the reasons for low growth in Q3 2018 and this slowdown will persist into Q1 2019 as the market is expected to drop by 3% in Q4 2018. Furthermore, the recently lifted U.S. ban on ZTE had an impact on shipments in Q3 2018 and created a sizable gap that is yet to be filled heading into 2019.

“With many of the large global companies focusing on high-end product launches, hoping to draw in consumers looking to upgrade based on specifications and premium devices, we can expect head-to-head competition within this segment during the holiday quarter and into 2019 to be exceptionally high,” said Sangeetika Srivastava, senior research analyst with IDC’s Worldwide Mobile Device Trackers.

Though 2018 has fallen below expectations so far, the worldwide smartphone market is set to pick up on the shift toward larger screens and ultra-high-end devices. All the big players have further built out their portfolios with bigger screens and higher-end smartphones, including Apple’s new launch in September. In Q3 2018, the 6-inch to less than 7-inch screen size band became the most prominent band for the first time with more than four times year-over-year growth. IDC believes that larger-screen smartphones (5.5 inches and above) will lead the charge with volumes of 947.1 million in 2018, accounting for 66.7% of all smartphones, up from 623.3 million units and 42.5% share in 2017. By 2022, shipments of these larger-screen smartphones will move up to 1.38 billion units or 87.7% of overall shipment volume.

“What we consider a so-called normal size smartphone has shifted dramatically in a few short years and while we are stretching the limits with bezel-less devices, the next big switch to flexible screens will test our imaginations even further,” said Melissa Chau, associate research director with IDC’s Worldwide Mobile Device Trackers. “While this category of device is still nascent and won’t see major adoption in the year ahead, it’s exciting to see changes to the standard monoblock we are all so used to carrying.”

Platform Highlights

Android: Android’s smartphone share will remain stable at 85% throughout the forecast. Volumes are expected to grow at a five-year compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 1.7% with shipments approaching 1.36 billion in 2022. Android is still the choice of the masses with no shift expected. Android average selling prices (ASPs) are estimated to grow by 9.6% in 2018 to US$258, up from US$235 in 2017. IDC expects this upward trajectory to continue through the forecast, but at a softened rate from 2019 and beyond. Not only are market players pushing upgraded specs and materials to offset decreasing replacement rates, but they are also serving the evolving consumer needs for better performance.

iOS: iOS smartphones are forecast to drop by 2.5% in 2018 to 210.4 million. The launch of expensive and bigger screen iOS smartphones in Q3 2018 helped Apple to raise its ASP, simultaneously making it somewhat difficult to increase shipments in the current market slump. IDC is forecasting iPhone shipments to grow at a five-year CAGR of 0.1%, reaching volumes of 217.3 million in 2022. Despite the challenges, there is no ambiguity that Apple will continue to lead the global premium market segment.

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