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Cape shack fire solution heads for Bangladesh

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South African social enterprise, Lumkani, has developed a fire detector to help prevent the occurrences of shack fires. Since winning the Chivas Regal social entrepreneurship competition, Lumkani has made great strides as it takes the solution abroad.

Bangladesh is one of the countries with a large number of people living in fire-prone slums.

Lumkani seeks to address the challenge of shack fires and to minimise the displacement of families in South Africa’s urban informal settlements. As one of the top five global finalists in The Venture, Lumkani walked away with $75 000 to use for business development.

In partnership with humanitarian organisation World Vision, Lumkani continues to work towards social change, and is finalist in the Google Impact Challenge in Australia, where the winner will receive a $575 000 grant. Winning the grant may mark the beginning the company’s foray into global markets.

Co-founder and Director David Gluckman says winning The Venture competition helped Lumkani improve its technology and research other products it can tie to the device. The company has thus far installed more than 8 500 devices in big and fire-prone informal settlements like Masiphumelele in Cape Town and Imizamo Yethu in Hout Bay.

The Venture has absolutely helped us and continues to; we have been able to scale up on research and development and we’ve launched a new version of the product, which is easy to manufacture, better design and we’ve been able to put in lots of new software,” says Gluckman. “It’s also allowed us to scale up our marketing and sales, get the right resources and extend our product range offering.”

In future, Lumkani plans to develop a device that will look to include the capability to alert communities of other risks such as storms, tsunamis and floods.

Shelley Reeves, Marketing Manager: Scotch Whisky at Chivas Regal, says it is heartening to see Lumkani getting international recognition for its innovation: “This is a truly innovative venture that has a big impact on social wellbeing, and Chivas Regal is proud to be the enabler who helped Lumkani get the recognition they deserved through The Venture.

“Its continued success has shown that entrepreneurship can be an effective tool to socio-economic problem solving. We encourage many other creative thinkers to come forward with their ideas as part of The Venture so that each year we can build on the network of social entrepreneurs working together to combat social issues,” says Mrs Reeves.

The third year of The Venture competition was launched and both established and aspiring entrepreneurs can submit their business plans on www.Theventure.com to stand a chance of winning a portion of USD 1 million; represent South Africa on a global stage and win  R350 000.  Competition entries close on 05 November 2016.

Sharing his winning formula, Gluckman says disruptive ideas are those that solve people’s real problems.

“Be honest with your product. I always tell entrepreneurs to develop products or services that are needed; products that solve real challenges faced by people.”

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Earth 2050: memory chips for kids, telepathy for adults

An astonishing set of predictions for the next 30 years includes a major challenge to the privacy of our thoughts.

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By 2050, most kids may be fitted with the latest memory boosting implants, and adults will have replaced mobile devices with direct connectivity through brain implants, powered by thought.

These are some of the more dramatic forecasts in Earth 2050, an award-winning, interactive multimedia project that accumulates predictions about social and technological developments for the upcoming 30 years. The aim is to identify global challenges for humanity and possible ways of solving these challenges. The website was launched in 2017 to mark Kaspersky Lab’s 20th birthday. It comprises a rich variety of predictions and future scenarios, covering a wide range of topics.

Recently a number of new contributions have been added to the site. Among them Lord Martin Rees, the UK’s Astronomer Royal, Professor at Cambridge University and former President of the Royal Society; investor and entrepreneur Steven Hoffman, Peter Tatchell, human rights campaigner, along withDmitry Galov, security researcher and Alexey Malanov, malware analyst at Kaspersky Lab.

The new visions for 2050 consider, among other things:

  • The replacement of mobile devices with direct connectivity through brain implants, powered by thought – able to upload skills and knowledge in return – and the impact of this on individual consciousness and privacy of thought.
  • The ability to transform all life at the genetic level through gene editing.
  • The potential impact of mistakes made by advanced machine-learning systems/AI.
  • The demise of current political systems and the rise of ‘citizen governments’, where ordinary people are co-opted to approve legislation.
  • The end of the techno-industrial age as the world runs out of fossil fuels, leading to economic and environmental devastation.
  • The end of industrial-scale meat production, as most people become vegan and meat is cultured from biopsies taken from living, outdoor reared livestock.

The hypothetical prediction for 2050 from Dmitry Galov, security researcher at Kaspersky Lab is as follows: “By 2050, our knowledge of how the brain works, and our ability to enhance or repair it is so advanced that being able to remember everything and learn new things at an outrageous speed has become commonplace. Most kids are fitted with the latest memory boosting implants to support their learning and this makes education easier than it has ever been. 

“Brain damage as a result of head injury is easily repaired; memory loss is no longer a medical condition, and people suffering from mental illnesses, such as depression, are quickly cured.  The technologies that underpin this have existed in some form since the late 2010s. Memory implants are in fact a natural progression from the connected deep brain stimulation implants of 2018.

“But every technology has another side – a dark side. In 2050, the medical, social and economic impact of memory boosting implants are significant, but they are also vulnerable to exploitation and cyber-abuse. New threats that have appeared in the last decade include the mass manipulation of groups through implanted or erased memories of political events or conflicts, and even the creation of ‘human botnets’. 

“These botnets connect people’s brains into a network of agents controlled and operated by cybercriminals, without the knowledge of the victims themselves.  Repurposed cyberthreats from previous decades are targeting the memories of world leaders for cyber-espionage, as well as those of celebrities, ordinary people and businesses with the aim of memory theft, deletion of or ‘locking’ of memories (for example, in return for a ransom).  

“This landscape is only possible because, in the late 2010s when the technologies began to evolve, the potential future security vulnerabilities were not considered a priority, and the various players: healthcare, security, policy makers and more, didn’t come together to understand and address future risks.”

For more information and the full suite of inspirational and thought-provoking predictions, visit Earth 2050.

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How load-shedding is killing our cellphone signals

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Extensive load-shedding, combined with the theft of cell tower backup batteries and copper wire, is placing a massive strain on mobile network providers.

MTN says the majority of MTN’S sites have been equipped with battery backup systems to ensure there is enough power on site to run the system for several hours when local power goes out and the mains go down. 

“With power outages on the rise, these back-up systems become imperative to keeping South Africa connected and MTN has invested heavily in generators and backup batteries to maintain communication for customers, despite the lack of electrical power,” the operator said in a statement today.

However, according to Jacqui O’Sullivan, Executive: Corporate Affairs, at MTN SA, “The high frequency of the cycles of load shedding have meant batteries were unable to fully recharge. They generally have a capacity of six to 12 hours, depending on the site category, and require 12 to 18 hours to recharge.”

An additional challenge is that criminals and criminal syndicates are placing networks across the country at risk. Batteries, which can cost R28 000 per battery and upwards, are sought after on black markets – especially in neighbouring countries. 

“Although MTN has improved security and is making strides in limiting instances of theft and vandalism with the assistance of the police, the increase in power outages has made this issue even more pressing,” says O’Sullivan.

Ernest Paul, General Manager: Network Operations at SA’s leading network provider MTN, says the brazen theft of batteries is an industry-wide problem and will require a broader initiative driven by communities, the private sector, police and prosecutors to bring it to a halt.

“Apart from the cost of replacing the stolen batteries and upgrading the broken infrastructure, communities suffer as the network degrades without the back-up power. This is due to the fact that any coverage gaps need to be filled. The situation is even more dire with the rolling power cuts expected due to Eskom load shedding.”

Loss of services and network quality can range from a 2-5km radius to 15km on some sites and affect 5,000 to 20,000 people. On hub sites, network coverage to entire suburbs and regions can be lost.

Click here to read more about efforts to combat copper theft.

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