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Android attacks escalate

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The Kaspersky Lab study ‘Financial Cyberthreats in 2014’ reports that the number of financial malware attacks against Android users grew by 3.25 times in 2014.

Following an initial decrease in March 2014, Kaspersky Lab researchers registered a significant increase in the number of attacks by Trojan-SMS malware during the second half of the year.

·         48.15% of the attacks against users of Android-based devices, that were blocked by Kaspersky Lab products, used malware targeting financial data (Trojan-SMS and Trojan-Banker) ;

·         The number of financial attacks against Android users in 2014 increased 3.25 times (from 711,993 to 2,317,194 attacks) compared with 2013, and the number of users attacked rose 3.64 times (up from 212,890 to 775,887);

·         98.02% of all attacks by Android banking malware were accounted for by only three malicious families.

Android is one of the most popular mobile operating systems in the world, and therefore attracts the attention of cybercriminals targeting users’ private information and money. During 2014, Kaspersky Lab’s Android products blocked a total of 2,317,194 financial attacks against 775,887 users around the world. The lion’s share of these (2,217,979 attacks against 750,327 users) used Trojan-SMS malware, and the rest (99,215 attacks against 59,200 users) used Trojan-Banker malware.

Although the Trojan-Banker contribution to the overall volume of financial attacks against Android users is relatively small, it continues to grow. During the year Kaspersky Lab products detected 20 different malicious Trojan-Banker programmes. But there were only three star performers among them: Faketoken, Svpeng and Marcher. Svpeng and Marcher are capable of stealing credentials for online banking as well as credit card information by replacing the authentication fields of mobile banking apps and app stores apps on an infected device. And Faketoken is made for intercepting mTAN codes used in multifactor authentication systems and forwarding it to criminals. These three families accounted for 98.02% of all Trojan-Banker attacks.

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Trojan-SMS comeback:

During Spring in Europe in 2014, Kaspersky Lab researchers noticed a significant decrease in the number of attacks by Trojan-SMS malware. One possible reason for this fall was the introduction by mobile-phone operators in Russia (the main source of Trojan-SMS threat) of an Advice of Charge (AoC) mechanism. This means that every time a customer (or an SMS Trojan) attempts to send a message to a premium number, the operator notifies the customer how much the service will cost and requests additional confirmation from the user.

The decrease ended in July and was followed by a steady increase throughout the rest of the year. The growth sped up in December, traditionally a “high” season for online shopping and online payment transactions and for criminals targeting financial data.

“During the year our cumulative Android user base grew significantly, which led to a rise in the number of financial malware detections and affected users. However, the overall growth rate of attacks with financial malware was faster and greater than could be explained by the increased number of Android devices alone. This growth rate is mainly down to Trojan-SMS. We believe that the main reason of the Trojan-SMS comeback is the appearance of malware capable of infection and theft even with AoC implemented in the cellular network. For example, we discovered such functionality in Opfake.a and Fakeinst malware modifications. Both are very active Trojan-SMS representatives”, said Roman Unuchek, Senior Malware Analyst at Kaspersky Lab.

Kaspersky Lab has many years of highly respected experience in combating mobile cyberthreats. This experience underpins Kaspersky Lab’s security solutions. For example, a mobile software developer kit is included in the Kaspersky Fraud Prevention platform that enables banks to protect their customers from online financial fraud. This allows banks to create mobile banking applications that are resilient to cyberthreats. Kaspersky Lab’s solutions for home users, such as Kaspersky Internet Security – Multi-Device and Kaspersky Total security – Multi-Device, also include security applications for the most popular mobile platforms.

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Password managers don’t protect you from hackers

Using a password manager to protect yourself online? Research reveals serious weaknesses…

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Top password manager products have fundamental flaws that expose the data they are designed to protect, rendering them no more secure than saving passwords in a text file, according to a new study by researchers at Independent Security Evaluators (ISE).

“100 percent of the products that ISE analyzed failed to provide the security to safeguard a user’s passwords as advertised,” says ISE CEO Stephen Bono. “Although password managers provide some utility for storing login/passwords and limit password reuse, these applications are a vulnerable target for the mass collection of this data through malicious hacking campaigns.”

In the new report titled “Under the Hood of Secrets Management,” ISE researchers revealed serious weaknesses with top password managers: 1Password, Dashlane, KeePass and LastPass.  ISE examined the underlying functionality of these products on Windows 10 to understand how users’ secrets are stored even when the password manager is locked. More than 60 million individuals 93,000 businesses worldwide rely on password managers. Click here for a copy of the report.

Password managers are marketed as a solution to eliminate the security risks of storing passwords or secrets for applications and browsers in plain text documents. Having previously examined these and other password managers, ISE researchers expected an improved level of security standards preventing malicious credential extraction. Instead ISE found just the opposite. 

Click here to read the findings from the report.

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MWC: Next generation of inflight connectivity to be unveiled

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Next week at Mobile World Congress, the Seamless Air Alliance will reveal progress on its mission towards enabling the next generation of inflight connectivity. This follows a significant start for the Alliance, which has seen membership increase five-fold since the first meeting in June of last year. The Alliance has a new research laboratory setup and continues progress through its three working groups, writing specifications for the technology, requirements, and operations.

These developments represent a huge leap towards the goal of making connectivity as easy and enjoyable in the skies as it is on the ground. Appearing as part of the Airbus stand (Hall 6, stand 6G34), the Seamless Air Alliance will reveal specification topics that have been completed and published to its membership.

“The passenger experience with inflight connectivity remains one of the great technology challenges. From Day One we have been determined to deliver on our mission to bring industries and technologies together to make the inflight internet experience simple to access and a delight to use,” said the Alliance’s Chief Executive Officer, Jack Mandala.

“I have been tremendously encouraged by the enthusiastic and committed response we have seen and the widening areas of expertise we can call upon as more and more companies and organisations continue to join us,” he added.

Announced during MWC 2018, the Seamless Air Alliance has since grown to twenty-three membercompanies with more than one-hundred key personnel from across the membership participating in its three working groups, with numbers continuing to increase.

The Seamless Air Alliance was created by founding members Airbus, Airtel, Delta Air Lines, OneWeb and Sprint, and quickly joined by Air France KLM, Aeromexico, and GOL Linhas Aereas Inteligentes and global technology leaders including Astronics, Collins Aerospace, Comtech, Cyient, iDirect, Inmarsat, Intelsat, Latecoere, Nokia, and Panasonic. 

Today, the Alliance is pleased to announce five additional new members: Adaptive Channel, Etihad Airways, GlobalReach Technology, Safran, and SITAONAIR.

“We are extremely pleased to have these companies join and be a part of the companies driving the next generation of connectivity.” said Mr Mandala.

The Seamless Air Alliance will enable travelers boarding any flight, on any airline, anywhere in the world, to use their own devices to automatically connect to the Internet with no complicated login process nor paywall to scramble over.

The Alliance is also announcing the release of a new research study on the economic benefit of standardization on the inflight connectivity market at Mobile World Congress. This report is available for download at https://www.seamlessalliance.com/publications/

The Alliance is moving rapidly towards an expected demonstration of the technology later in 2019 and anticipates massive interest in Barcelona from the whole communications eco-system.

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