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Why robotic sensing is booming

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Robot innovation is moving forward at a fast pace – to the point where some manufacturers are now deploying sensors in their robots, giving them the ability to “feel” and “touch”.

Innovation in robotics is moving ahead at a fast pace, spearing ahead the expected proliferation of robots in new and existing applications. Deploying sensors in robotics allows for the creation of robots that can “see” and “feel”, in a biomimetic way, like humans do. These sensor enabled, advanced robots are now able to undertake more complicated tasks and are being deployed into industrial, commercial, domestic, logistic and other sectors where robot penetration was previously limited. The market for robotic vision and force sensing alone is expected to reach over $16.1 billion by 2027, as described in the newly launched IDTechEx report Sensors for Robotics: Technologies, Markets and Forecasts 2017-2027. The graph below is a plot of the forecasted short term growth of the value of vision systems deployed in industrial and collaborative robots, which represent only a segment of robotic systems impacted by the development of sensing platforms with extensive capabilities.

But why are we experiencing such fast adoption at this point in time?

Revenues of vision systems in industrial and collaborative robots

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Source: IDTechEx Report “Sensors for Robotics: Technologies, Markets and Forecasts 2017-2027: Machine vision, force sensing and sensor fusion: Enabling technologies for collaborative robots, advanced mobile robotics and autonomous driving” (www.idtechex.com/roboticsensors)

Software advances hand in hand with hardware innovation

Early robots were limited in performing tasks under highly organized conditions, with increased safety measures, due to their limited perception of any changes in their operational environments. Applying Artificial Intelligence (AI) concepts in robotics, allows for reducing these limitations. Performance optimization through robotic sensing is allowing for decision making capabilities of new generations of robots based on processing of sensor data (such as visual, tactile etc.) gathered from their operational environment. Data-driven task performance is allowing for higher precision even under conditions of increased randomness. In essence, robots with increased awareness are becoming better at performing the actions they are tasked with and capable of performing additional actions, previously thought of as too complex for robotic systems. These improvements are enabling robot deployment in more demanding application spaces, a key explanation for the expected accelerated proliferation of sensor driven robotic systems.

Key enablers of this robotic revolution can be found in both software and hardware development efforts that have allowed for the creation of advanced sensor platforms and processing algorithms, along with intuitive, user friendly interfaces.

Henrik Christensen, the Executive Director of the Institute for Robotics and Intelligent Machines at Georgia Institute of Technology in Atlanta, Georgia, sees tremendous potential for robots coupled with such capabilities, especially as prices are coming down. He said back in 2015: “We’re getting much cheaper sensors than we had before. It’s coming out of cheap cameras for cell phones, where today you can buy a camera for a cell phone for $8 to $10. And we have enough computer power in our cell phones to be able to process it. The same thing is happening with laser ranging sensors. Ten years ago, a modest quality laser range sensor would be $10,000 or more. Now they’re $2,000.”

All in all, machine vision and force sensing enable the design of more versatile, safer robots for a wider range of applications. Of course, different sensing systems fit different application spaces, hence, the variety of robots under development each have specific requirements and sensor platforms with the right type of features.

End effector force sensing revenues in industrial and collaborative robots

Source: IDTechEx Report “Sensors for Robotics: Technologies, Markets and Forecasts 2017-2027” (www.IDTechEx.com/roboticsensors)

Source: IDTechEx Report “Sensors for Robotics: Technologies, Markets and Forecasts 2017-2027” (www.IDTechEx.com/roboticsensors)

Arts and Entertainment

Deezer to host Hotstix’s Mandela tribute playlist

Deezer is celebrating Nelson Mandela on the centenary of his birthday by hosting a tribute playlist created by music legend Sipho “Hotstix” Mabuse.  

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Mabuse, a legendary figure in African music, first rose to prominence in the 1970s with his band Harari and later developed a name for himself as a solo artist. One of his best known songs was the global hit BurnOut in the 1980s.

The playlist takes the listener on a captivating musical journey through the life of Nelson Mandela.  It was compiled by Mabuse, who consulted with Mandela’s family and friends to ensure that the music would be relevant and accurate. The playlist also features commentary by Mabuse, which was recorded in his Soweto home.  

“I have tried to tell the story of the music that Madiba loved,” says Mabuse. “The Playlist excludes the time in prison obviously, as Madiba would not have had exposure to music in that time.  We have focused on the music we know he loved before and after that period. This recording was really an emotional journey for me, but an incredible opportunity to document these memories.”

The playlist features the music the young Mandela loved, such as The Manhattan Brothers, Solomon Linda, Brenda Fassie and Miriam Makeba.  It includes struggle songs from Chicco, Johnny Clegg, Hugh Masekela and Yvonne Chaka Chaka.  The playlist also includes Mandela by Zahara, one of the younger artists who caught Madiba’s ear.

Mabuse also offers stories of his own songs, such as Shikisha, a song greatly beloved by the former President.

“I was delighted to share my thoughts and hope the listeners enjoyed the musical journey,” says Mabuse. “Madiba did enjoy music immensely and we all have a purpose wherever we are in the world to celebrate culture and to learn from different cultures and music forms and styles.”

This playlist was inspired by the Nelson Mandela 100 campaign, calling on corporates and individuals to act as sources of inspiration and engage in conversation and action.

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Sports streaming takes off

Live streaming of sports is coming of age as a mainstream method of viewing big games, as the latest FIFA World Cup figures from the UK show. Africa isn’t yet at the same level when it comes to the adoption of sports streaming, but usage is clearly moving in the right direction.

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England’s World Cup quarter-final against Sweden was watched by just under 20 million viewers in the UK via BBC One. While this traditional broadcast audience was huge, it was streaming that broke records: the game was the BBC’s most popular online-viewed live programme ever, with 3.8 million views. In Africa, the absolute numbers are lower but the trend towards streaming major sports events on the continent is also well under way.

According to DStv, live streaming of sports dominates the usage figures for its live and recorded TV streaming app, DStv Now. The number of people using the app in June was five times higher than a year ago, with concurrent views peaking during major football and rugby games.

Since the start of the World Cup, average weekday usage of DStv Now is up 60%. The absolute peak in concurrent usage for one event was reached on 26 June, during the Nigeria vs Argentina game. The app’s biggest ever test was on 16 June with both Springbok Rugby and World Cup Football under way at the same time, resulting in concurrent in-app views seven times higher than the peaks seen in June last year.

The World Cup has also been a major reason for new users to download and try out the app. First-time app user volumes have tripled on Android and doubled on iOS since the start of the tournament.

“While we expected live sports streaming to take off, it’s also been pleasing to see that the app is really popular for watching shows on Catch Up,” says MultiChoice South Africa Chief Operating Officer Mark Rayner. “Interestingly, some of the most popular Catch Up shows are local, with Isibaya, Binnelanders, The Queen and The River all getting a significant number of views.”

With respect to app usage, the web and Android apps are the most popular way to watch DStv Now, with Android outpacing iOS by a factor of 2:1.

“We’re continuing to develop DStv Now, with 4k streaming in testing and smart TV and Apple TV apps on their way shortly,” says Rayner. “The other key priority for us is working with the telcos to deliver mobile data propositions that make watching online painless and worry-free for our customers.”

The DStv Now app is free to all 10 million DStv customers in Africa. The app streams DStv live channels as well as supplying an extended Catch Up library. Two separate streams can be watched on different devices simultaneously, and content can also be downloaded to smartphones and tablets. The content available on the app varies according to the DStv package subscribed to.

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