Passwords have always been a weak link in online financial security and privacy, and having them inspired by Star Wars makes matters worse, writes ARTHUR GOLDSTUCK, offering some tips for safer log-ins.
Anyone who uses the password “123456” or “password” for an online service is asking to be hacked. Some think they’re being clever and choose a word inspired by a new movie or craze, and find they are equally at risk.
The latest list of the world’s worst passwords highlights stupidity, carelessness, and laziness – but also gives us a few clues on how to protect ourselves from hackers trying to guess their way past our defences.
The top six most commonly used passwords of 2015, according to SplashData, a global provider of password management applications, have not even changed from the year before – so complacent are the people using them. The order of their popularity has shifted, but that barely moves the needle of the stupidity index at work.
|The top six are:|
SplashData’s fifth annual report is compiled from more than 2-million leaked passwords. The company points out that, while new and longer passwords have entered the top 25 list, they are often so simple, their extra length is “virtually worthless as a security measure”.
The report highlights the following newcomers to the top 25 list to illustrate this point:
- 1qaz2wsx (the first two columns of main keys on a standard keyboard)
- qwertyuiop (top row of keys on a standard keyboard)
Almost hilariously, “football” and “baseball” make the top 10. Who would have guessed? Equally predictably, three passwords inspired by Star Wars quickly entered the top 25 in the wake of release of The Force Awakens. The uninspired choices were “starwars,” “solo,” and “princess”, joining “welcome”, “login” and “passw0rd.”
We may joke, of course, but even experienced users often make a poor choice of password, such as the name of a close relative or pet. Innocent posts on their Facebook profiles or Twitter feeds could well expose the options for a hacker to try.
To make matters worse, according to research conducted by security software leaders Kaspersky Lab, a high proportion of Internet users share their passwords with somebody or leave them visible for others to see. In South Africa, no less than 42% of Internet users admitted to doing so. One in ten said they shared passwords with friends and 8% said they shared them with colleagues.
“Once shared, it is very difficult to know exactly where your password will end up,” warns David Emm, principal security researcher at Kaspersky Lab. “Our research shows that there is a real disconnect between the understanding of why we need strong passwords and the action people take to keep them safe.”
The survey showed that only half (51%) of SA consumers thought email required a strong password, and a third (32%) for social media sites. For online shopping, the proportion dropped to 24%.
The underlying threat these figures reveal is the fact that an email address is usually the gateway to all other services a person uses online. Hack into someone’s e-mail, and you have the keys to their financial and social kingdom.
“At worst, entire identities could be put at risk,” says Emm. “Even the most complex password is weak if it’s visible to others.”
How to choose a strong password
Choosing a strong password is as much about common sense as it is about being savvy in the online streets. The litmus test for a weak password is simple: will someone else be able to guess my password randomly?
The test for a reasonably strong password is equally simple: will someone be able to hit on my password by trying variations on names that mean something to me?
The challenge, then, is to come up with something that the user will remember, but no one would be able to guess. That means it should be personal, but in such a way that only the user will know it.
The Kaspersky blog suggests what it calls a “Story Algorithm”. It goes like this:
- Think of a phrase, song lyrics, quotes from a movie or simply a lullaby from when you were a child.
- Take the first letter from the first five words.
- Between every letter add a special character.
“At this stage you will have created a static string, and from now on you will base all of your unique passwords off of this string. Since it’s a static string, it won’t be unique for every site that you need a password for. What you need to do now is use the power of association.
“When you think of Facebook, Twitter, eBay, dating sites, online gaming sites or any other site, write down the first word that you associate with that site that you need a password for. For example, if you are creating a password for Facebook, you might associate Facebook with the blue color in the logo: so, then you can simply append the word ‘blue’, maybe in all caps, at the end of your static string.”
That may be too complex for most people. A quicker route is to take the names of two distant relatives and add a number or two between the names. This number or the names or their order can be changed for each site used. A master list can be kept, listing only the initials used for each password. The master list itself should then be password protected in case someone finds a way to access it on the computer where it’s stored. That password should be the most complex of all.
Ultimately, the user’s own paranoia levels and the sensitivitity of the information being protected will dictate the complexity of password choice. At the absoulte bare minimum, though, avoid a password that resembles anything on the SpashData list as if your life depends on it. That may well turn out to be the literal truth.
SplashData’s “Worst Passwords of 2015”
|Rank||Password||Change from 2014|
Test your password
The Kaspersky Secure Password Check guides users in creating a secure password. Type in the word, string or phrase, and it immediately provides feedback on how long it will take an average computer to crack the password by brute computing force. Try it at https://blog.kaspersky.com/password-check/
Win a Poster Heater with Gadget and Takealot.com
This winter Gadget and Takealot.com are giving away three Poster Heaters, which look like posters but become heaters when you plug them in.
Three Gadget readers will each win a unit, valued at R550 each. To enter, follow @GadgetZA and @Takealot on Twitter and tell us on the @GadgetZA account how many Watts the heater consumes.
What’s the big deal about these heaters? Many of us are struggling to keep the balance between soaring electricity costs and the need to keep warm this winter.
However, the recently launched Poster Heater by EasyHeat and distributed in South Africa by Takealot.com is not only one of the most cost effective electric heaters currently on the market, it is also easy to setup and use.
As the name indicates, it is a poster similar to one you would hang on a wall. But, plug it in and it turns into a 300 Watt heater. The Poster Heater isn’t designed to heat hallways or large rooms, but rather smaller ones like a bedroom or a baby’s nursery or a dressing room.
It uses radiant heating, which means that it heats up in a couple of minutes and the heat is directed at the objects or people around it, quickly taking the chill out of the air and providing a comfortable ambient temperature.
The other advantage of radiant heating is that it doesn’t dry out the air like infrared or gas heaters. Users also don’t have to worry about their children or pets getting too close to it because, even though it gets hot, it can be touched.
To enter the competition follow the steps below:
Competition entry details:
3. The competition closes on 31 July 2018.
4. Winners will be notified via Twitter on 1 August and Takealot.com will be in touch to organise delivery.
5. The competition is only open to South African residents.
Deezer to host Hotstix’s Mandela tribute playlist
Deezer is celebrating Nelson Mandela on the centenary of his birthday by hosting a tribute playlist created by music legend Sipho “Hotstix” Mabuse.
Mabuse, a legendary figure in African music, first rose to prominence in the 1970s with his band Harari and later developed a name for himself as a solo artist. One of his best known songs was the global hit BurnOut in the 1980s.
The playlist takes the listener on a captivating musical journey through the life of Nelson Mandela. It was compiled by Mabuse, who consulted with Mandela’s family and friends to ensure that the music would be relevant and accurate. The playlist also features commentary by Mabuse, which was recorded in his Soweto home.
“I have tried to tell the story of the music that Madiba loved,” says Mabuse. “The Playlist excludes the time in prison obviously, as Madiba would not have had exposure to music in that time. We have focused on the music we know he loved before and after that period. This recording was really an emotional journey for me, but an incredible opportunity to document these memories.”
The playlist features the music the young Mandela loved, such as The Manhattan Brothers, Solomon Linda, Brenda Fassie and Miriam Makeba. It includes struggle songs from Chicco, Johnny Clegg, Hugh Masekela and Yvonne Chaka Chaka. The playlist also includes Mandela by Zahara, one of the younger artists who caught Madiba’s ear.
Mabuse also offers stories of his own songs, such as Shikisha, a song greatly beloved by the former President.
“I was delighted to share my thoughts and hope the listeners enjoyed the musical journey,” says Mabuse. “Madiba did enjoy music immensely and we all have a purpose wherever we are in the world to celebrate culture and to learn from different cultures and music forms and styles.”
This playlist was inspired by the Nelson Mandela 100 campaign, calling on corporates and individuals to act as sources of inspiration and engage in conversation and action.