The need for software development and software developers has continued to rise, with a great emphasis being placed on the rise in available jobs paired with the scarcity of skills. Quentin Barnard, lead architect at redPanda Software, has identified a few trends that will emerge this year.
Looking back over the past decade, history has certainly demonstrated that trying to predict the pace and nature of technology development is a near impossible task.
While analysts, business leaders and policymakers have certainly made wise predictions, businesses and individuals have to remain agile, responsive and open-minded to a wide possibility of outcomes and developments. It is also helpful, however, to reflect on key trends that have emerged in recent times – and to use this information to prepare for the years ahead. For software developers and development houses, several prominent themes emerged in 2017.
Embracing open source
Over the past year, major technology companies – such as proprietary (closed source) technology companies – have embraced the open source aspect of software development, which has had important ramifications for developers.
For instance, developers can now write code and build applications that run seamlessly across different platforms and environments – as opposed to writing code for one platform or a particular environment.
Arguably, the move to open source spurs innovation and creates more avenues for a wider array of features and capabilities within applications. Ultimately, the end user benefits.
Shift to application containerisation
Typically, developers have delivered applications to clients as a single, monolithic entity that require complex deployment and production configurations.
However, with the steady move to ‘microservices’, developers can break down large complex applications into discrete elements. This facilitates seamless maintenance and deployment as applications become more agile, efficient and cost effective.
In short, this is called containerisation, which means that developers can focus on programming using the same or similar environments in production and across multiple teams, while deployment happens faster and more smoothly.
This approach enables developers to significantly scale applications with minimal fuss, and also allows them to switch to different versions with ease. The deployment time frame is significantly reduced, and updates can be rolled out within minutes.
Maturity of IoT
There has been a great deal of hype around the Internet of Things (IoT) – the emergence of a network of connected devices that continually ‘talk’ to one another. These networks are starting to materialise in various forms across different industries, which has major implications for developers and their clients.
With a host of smart devices continually sending data into the Cloud, together with the improvement of data analytics, businesses are able to make key decisions in real time. For example, a head office is directly connected to a retail outlet, which receives information in real-time around customer behaviour.
This information can then be translated into insights that directly impact the type and nature of applications and features that are developed within the enterprise environment, with some of these decisions being made by computing ‘edge’ devices at the point of data collection.
Peering into the (Internet connected) crystal ball
While data analytics might not help us foresee tech development in 2018, there are a few key trends already emerging.
In South Africa, there will arguably be an accelerated adoption of cloud computing, with international cloud companies investing into the country, bringing their cloud platforms closer to the end users.
With increased investment in this regard, the local nature of hosting infrastructure will change, and companies will not have to deal with the latency that comes from using internationally-hosted service providers. Local companies can now link their existing infrastructure investments into the cloud to provide their own private cloud facilities. This will drive efficiencies and certainly enhance the end-user experience.
Innovation, innovation, innovation
For developers, succeeding into the New Year and beyond will require a willingness to expand their expertise beyond specific coding languages and platforms. As technology becomes ever more complex and the pace of change accelerates, developers will need to have cross platform expertise and a willingness to experiment with different languages, platforms and concepts.
As companies are forced to become more creative, innovative and responsive in a world characterised by disruption, so too will developers and development houses.
News fatigue shifts Google searches in SA
Google search trends in South Africa reveal a startling insight into news appetite, writes BRYAN TURNER.
The big searches of the year no longer track the biggest news stories of the year, suggesting a strong dose of news fatigue among South Africans.
“People ask, why are the Guptas not on the list of Google’s top searches?, says Mich Atagana, head of communications and public affairs at Google South Africa, “The Guptas are not on the list because South Africans are not actually that interested. South Africans are looking for things they don’t know. From a Gupta point of view, we’ve been exhausted by the news and we know exactly what is going on.”
Google South Africa announced the results of its 2018 Year in Search, offering a unique perspective on the year’s major moments.
“Four years ago, there were almost no South Africans on the personalities list,” says Atagana. “Over the years, South Africans have gotten more interested in South Africa, in searching on Google.”
That isn’t to say that international searches – like Meghan Markle – are not heavily searched by South Africans. But they feature lower down on the lists.
From the World Cup to listeriosis, Zuma and Global Citizen, South Africans use search to find the things they really need to know.
These are the main trends revealed by Google this week:
Top trending South African searches
- World Cup fixtures
- Load shedding
- Global Citizen
- Winnie Mandela
- Black Panther
- Meghan Markle
- Mac Miller
- Jacob Zuma
- Cyril Ramaphosa
- Sbahle Mpisane
- Kevin Anderson
- Malusi Gigaba
- Ashwin Willemse
- Patrice Motsepe
- Cheryl Zondi
- Shamila Batohi
- Mlindo the Vocalist
- How did Avicii die?
- How old is Pharrell Williams?
- What is listeriosis?
- What is black data?
- How old is Prince Harry?
- How much are Global Citizen tickets?
- How to get pregnant?
- What time is the royal wedding?
- What happened to HHP?
- How old is Meghan Markle?
Top ‘near me’ searches
- Jobs near me
- Nandos near me
- Dischem near me
- McDonalds near me
- Guest house near me
- Postnet near me
- Steers near me
- Spar near me
- Debonairs near me
- Spur near me
- Winnie Mandela
- Meghan Markle
- Sbahle Mpisane
- Aretha Franklin
- Khloe Kardashian
- Sophie Ndaba
- Cheryl Zondi
- Demi Lovato
- Lerato Sengadi
- Siam Lee
The Year In Search 2018 minisite can be found here.
Smartphones dip in 2018
According to the International Data Corporation (IDC) Worldwide Quarterly Mobile Phone Tracker, worldwide smartphone shipments are expected to decline by 3% in 2018 before returning to low single-digit growth in 2019 and through 2022.
While the on-going U.S.-China trade war has the industry on edge, IDC still believes that continued developments from emerging markets, mixed with potential around 5G and new product form factors, will bring the smartphone market back to positive growth.
Smartphone shipments are expected to drop to 1.42 billion units in 2018, down from 1.47 billion in 2017. However, IDC expects year-over-year shipment growth of 2.6% in 2019. Over the long-term, smartphone shipments are forecast to reach 1.57 billion units in 2022. From a geographic perspective, the China market, which represented 30% of total smartphone shipments in 2017, is finally showing signs of recovery. While the world’s largest market is still forecast to be down 8.8% in 2018 (worse than the 2017 downturn), IDC anticipates a flat 2019, then back to positive territory through 2022. The U.S. is also forecast to return to positive growth in 2019 (up 2.1% year over year) after experiencing a decline in 2018.
The slow revival of China was one of the reasons for low growth in Q3 2018 and this slowdown will persist into Q1 2019 as the market is expected to drop by 3% in Q4 2018. Furthermore, the recently lifted U.S. ban on ZTE had an impact on shipments in Q3 2018 and created a sizable gap that is yet to be filled heading into 2019.
“With many of the large global companies focusing on high-end product launches, hoping to draw in consumers looking to upgrade based on specifications and premium devices, we can expect head-to-head competition within this segment during the holiday quarter and into 2019 to be exceptionally high,” said Sangeetika Srivastava, senior research analyst with IDC’s Worldwide Mobile Device Trackers.
Though 2018 has fallen below expectations so far, the worldwide smartphone market is set to pick up on the shift toward larger screens and ultra-high-end devices. All the big players have further built out their portfolios with bigger screens and higher-end smartphones, including Apple’s new launch in September. In Q3 2018, the 6-inch to less than 7-inch screen size band became the most prominent band for the first time with more than four times year-over-year growth. IDC believes that larger-screen smartphones (5.5 inches and above) will lead the charge with volumes of 947.1 million in 2018, accounting for 66.7% of all smartphones, up from 623.3 million units and 42.5% share in 2017. By 2022, shipments of these larger-screen smartphones will move up to 1.38 billion units or 87.7% of overall shipment volume.
“What we consider a so-called normal size smartphone has shifted dramatically in a few short years and while we are stretching the limits with bezel-less devices, the next big switch to flexible screens will test our imaginations even further,” said Melissa Chau, associate research director with IDC’s Worldwide Mobile Device Trackers. “While this category of device is still nascent and won’t see major adoption in the year ahead, it’s exciting to see changes to the standard monoblock we are all so used to carrying.”
Android: Android’s smartphone share will remain stable at 85% throughout the forecast. Volumes are expected to grow at a five-year compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 1.7% with shipments approaching 1.36 billion in 2022. Android is still the choice of the masses with no shift expected. Android average selling prices (ASPs) are estimated to grow by 9.6% in 2018 to US$258, up from US$235 in 2017. IDC expects this upward trajectory to continue through the forecast, but at a softened rate from 2019 and beyond. Not only are market players pushing upgraded specs and materials to offset decreasing replacement rates, but they are also serving the evolving consumer needs for better performance.
iOS: iOS smartphones are forecast to drop by 2.5% in 2018 to 210.4 million. The launch of expensive and bigger screen iOS smartphones in Q3 2018 helped Apple to raise its ASP, simultaneously making it somewhat difficult to increase shipments in the current market slump. IDC is forecasting iPhone shipments to grow at a five-year CAGR of 0.1%, reaching volumes of 217.3 million in 2022. Despite the challenges, there is no ambiguity that Apple will continue to lead the global premium market segment.