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78% of companies running Open Source

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A recent survey has shown that the use of open source software in business IT environments has increased to 78%, almost double what it was five years ago.

Open source has become an integral part of the technology strategy of any business. The rise of cloud computing, big data, and even social networking, have seen open source being recognised as the way of the future. Matthew Lee, Regional Manager for Africa at SUSE, looks at the shift from a 100% solely run proprietary environment.

According to the 2015 Future of Open Source Survey, 78% of company respondents say they run some form of open source in the organisation. In fact, the use of open source software to run business IT environments has almost doubled globally since 2010.

“With the growth trajectory of adoption rates expected to increase significantly in the next two to three years, there is no escaping the impact that open source is having in the enterprise,” adds Lee.

Additionally, 65% of survey participants reported that open source fuels the competitive advantage of their enterprise. Reasons cited included having better features than proprietary software, providing an easier path to deployment, and giving the organisation the best opportunity to scale to meet business demand.

“This shows that being completely reliant on traditional, proprietary systems is fast becoming extinct. Local decision-makers need to embrace this shift if they are to remain competitive,” says Lee.

When open source software (OSS) started building momentum in the late 90s, much of the arguments in favour of it revolved around the fact that it was free to implement. Today, adoption is not so much about cost as it is about the flexibility to customise according to company (and industry)-specific requirements. Proprietary systems simply do not offer decision-makers the capability to integrate more fluidly into existing systems.

“One of the biggest stumbling blocks to the adoption of open source in South Africa, and the rest of the continent, is fighting against the status quo. Proprietary software is seen as the ‘traditional model’ and many companies think it is easier to follow the norm than it is to change their approach when it comes to IT solutions. However, this is certainly not the case as not only does an always open enterprise give businesses more control of their IT infrastructure, but also enables the deployment of critical IT services in physical, virtual or cloud environments over highly reliable, scalable and secure server operating systems that deliver increased uptime, better efficiency, and accelerated innovation – reducing the risk of technological obsolescence and vendor lock-in.”

Working with the right partner who can provide the necessary assistance for the transition to open source will not only showcase the true potential open source has, but will also alleviate any concerns. This partner should be able to guide business on how best to integrate OSS – not only on an enterprise level, but also broader into storage and cloud solutions.

“The open source approach today is as much about providing true business solutions as it is about the platform on which a company works. Change needs to be embraced as the business possibilities that open source offer are just too good to ignore,” concludes Lee.

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Samsung unleashes the beast

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Most new smartphone releases of the past few years have been like cat-and-mouse games with consumers and each other. It has been as if morsels of cheese are thrown into the box to make it more interesting: a little extra camera here, a little more battery there, and incremental changes to size, speed (more) and weight (less). Each change moves the needle of innovation ever-so-slightly. Until we find ourselves, a few years later, with a handset that is revolutionary compared to six years ago, but an anti-climax relative to six months before.

And then came Samsung. Probably stung by the “incremental improvement” phrase that has become almost a cliché about new Galaxy devices, the Korean giant chose to unleash a beast last week.

The new Galaxy Note 9 is not only the biggest smartphone Samsung has ever released, but one of the biggest flagship handsets that can still be called a phone. With a 6.4” display, it suddenly competes with mini-tablets and gaming consoles, among other devices that had previously faced little contest from handsets.

It offers almost ever cutting edge introduced to the Galaxy S9 and S9+ smartphones earlier this year, including the market-leading f1.5 aperture lens, and an f2.4. telephoto lens, each weighing in at 12 Megapixels. The front lens is equally impressive, with an f1.7 aperture – first introduced on the Note 8 as the widest yet on a selfie camera.

So far, so S9. However, the Note range has always been set apart by its S Pen stylus, and each edition has added new features. Born as a mere pen that writes on screens, it evolved through the likes of pressure sensitivity, allowing for artistic expression, and cut-and-paste text with translation-on-the-fly.

(Click here or below to read more about the Samsung Galaxy S Pen stylus) Samsung Galaxy S9 Features)

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SA ride permit system ‘broken’

Despite the amendments to the National Land Transport Act, ALON LITS, General Manager, Uber in Sub Saharan Africa, believes that many premature given that the necessary, well-functioning systems and processes are not yet in place to make these regulatory changes viable.

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The spirit and intention of the amendments to the National Land Transport Act No 5  (NLTA), 2009 put forward by the Ministry of Transport are to be commended. It is especially pleasing that these amendments include ridesharing and e-hailing operators and drivers as legitimate participants in the country’s public transport system, which point to government’s willingness to embrace the changes and innovation taking place in the country’s transport industry.

However, there are aspects of the proposed amendments that are, at best, premature given that the necessary, well-functioning systems and processes are not yet in place to make these regulatory changes viable.

Of particular concern are the significant financial penalties that will need to be paid by ridesharing and e-hailing companies whose independent operators are found to be transporting passengers without a legal permit issued by the relevant local authority. These fines can be as high as R100 000 per driver operating without a permit. Apart from being an excessive penalty it is grossly unfair given that a large number of local authorities don’t yet have functioning permit issuing systems and processes in place.

The truth is that the operating permit issuance system in South Africa is effectively broken. The application and issuance processes for operating licenses are fundamentally flawed and subject to extensive delays, sometimes over a year in length.  This situation is exacerbated by the fact that it is very difficult for applicants whose permit applications haven’t yet been approved to get reasons for the extensive delays on the issuing of those permits.

Uber has had extensive first-hand experience with the frustratingly slow process of applying for these permits, with drivers often having to wait months and, in some cases more than a year, for their permits.

Sadly, there appears to be no sense of urgency amongst local authorities to prioritise fixing the flawed permit issuing systems and processes or address the large, and growing, backlogs of permit applications. As such, in order for the proposed stringent permit enforcement rules to be effective and fair to all role players, the long-standing issues around permit issuance first need to be addressed. At the very least, before the proposed legislation amendments are implemented, the National Transport Ministry needs to address the following issues:

  1. Efficient processes and systems must be put in place in all local authorities to allow drivers to easily apply for the operating permits they require
  2. Service level agreements need to be put in place with local authorities whereby they are required to assess applications and issue permits within the prescribed 60-day period.
  3. Local authorities need to be given deadlines by which their current permit application backlogs must be addressed to allow for faster processing of new applications once the amendments are promulgated.

If the Transport Ministry implements the proposed legislation amendments before ensuring that these permit issuance challenges are addressed, many drivers will be faced with the difficult choice of either having to operate illegally whilst awaiting their approved permits and risking significant fines and/or arrest, or stopping operations until they receive their permits, thereby losing what is, for many of them, their only source of income.

As such, if the Ministry of Transport is not able to address these particular challenges, it is only reasonable to ask it to reconsider this amendment and delay its implementation until the necessary infrastructure is in place to ensure it does not impact negatively on the country’s transport industry. The legislators must have been aware of the challenges of passing such a significant law, as the Amendment Bill allows for the Minister to use his discretion to delay implementation of provisions for up to 5 years.

Fair trade and healthy competition are the cornerstones of any effective and growing economy. However, these clauses (Section 66 (7) and Section 66A) of the NLTA amendment, as well as the proposal that regulators be given authority to define the geographic locations or zones in which vehicles may operate, are contrary to the spirit of both. As a good corporate citizen, Uber is committed to supplementing and enhancing South Africa’s national transport system and contributing positively to the industry. If passed into law without the revisions suggested above, these new amendments will limit our business and many others from playing the supportive roles we all can, and should, in growing the SA transport and tourism industries as well as many other key economic sectors.

What’s more, if passed as they currently stand, the amendments will effectively limit South African consumers from having full access to the range of convenient transport options they deserve; which has the potential to harm the reputation and credibility of the entire transport industry.

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